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Münch, Thomas; Kipfstuhl, Sepp; Freitag, Johannes; Meyer, Hanno; Laepple, Thomas (2017): Stable water isotopes measured along two snow trenches sampled at Kohnen Station, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica in the 2014/15 field season. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Münch, T et al. (2017): Constraints on post-depositional isotope modifications in East Antarctic firn from analysing temporal changes of isotope profiles. The Cryosphere, 11(5), 2175-2188,

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The isotopic composition of water in ice sheets is extensively used to infer past climate changes. In low-accumulation regions their interpretation is however challenged by poorly constrained effects that may influence the initial isotope signal during and after deposition of the snow. This is reflected in snow-pit isotope data from Kohnen Station, Antarctica, which exhibit a seasonal cycle but also strong inter-annual variations that contradict local temperature observations. These inconsistencies persist even after averaging many profiles and are thus not explained by local stratigraphic noise. Previous studies have suggested that post-depositional processes may significantly influence the isotopic composition of East Antarctic firn. Here, we investigate the importance of post-depositional processes within the open-porous firn (> 10 cm depth) at Kohnen Station by separating spatial from temporal variability. To this end, we analyse 22 isotope profiles obtained from two snow trenches and examine the temporal isotope modifications by comparing the new with published trench data extracted 2 years earlier. The initial isotope profiles undergo changes over time due to downward-advection, firn diffusion and densification in magnitudes consistent with independent estimates. Beyond that, we find further modifications of the original isotope record to be unlikely, or small in magnitude (<< 1 per mil RMSD). These results show that the discrepancy between local temperatures and isotopes most likely originates from spatially coherent processes prior to or during deposition, such as precipitation intermittency or systematic isotope modifications acting on drifting or loose surface snow.
Glaciology @ AWI (AWI_Glac)
Median Latitude: -75.008522 * Median Longitude: 0.088500 * South-bound Latitude: -75.009860 * West-bound Longitude: 0.079600 * North-bound Latitude: -75.007190 * East-bound Longitude: 0.097200
Date/Time Start: 2015-01-24T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2015-01-28T00:00:00
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