Ziemer, Corinna; Wacker, Ulrike (2017): Model results, link to archive file. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875586, Supplement to: Ziemer, C; Wacker, U (2012): Parameterization of the Sedimentation of Raindrops with Finite Maximum Diameter. Monthly Weather Review, 140(5), 1589-1602, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00020.1
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In common cloud microphysics parameterization models, the prognostic variables are one to three moments of the drop size distribution function. They are defined as integrals of the distribution function over a drop diameter ranging from zero to infinity. Recent works (by several authors) on a one-dimensional sedimentation problem have pointed out that there are problems with those parameterization models caused by the differing average propagation speeds of the prognostic moments.
In this study, the authors propose to define the moments over a finite drop diameter range of [0, Dmax], corresponding to the limitation of drop size in nature. The ratios of the average propagation speeds are thereby also reduced. In the new model, mean particle masses above a certain threshold depending on Dmax lead to mathematical problems, which are solved by a mirroring technique. An identical, one-dimensional sedimentation problem for two moments is used to analyze the sensitivity of the results to the maximum drop diameter and to compare the proposed method with recent works. It turns out that Dmax has a systematic influence on the model's results. A small, finite maximum drop diameter leads to a better representation of the moments and the mean drop mass when compared to the detailed microphysical model.
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