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Campos, Marília de Carvalho; Chiessi, Cristiano Mazur; Voigt, Ines; Piola, Alberto R; Kuhnert, Henning; Mulitza, Stefan (2017): Age model, sedimentation rates and stable carbon isotopic rates of sediment core GeoB6212-1. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Campos, MC et al. (2017): d13C decreases in the upper western South Atlantic during Heinrich Stadials 3 and 2. Climate of the Past, 13, 345-358,

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Abrupt millennial-scale climate change events of the last deglaciation (i.e. Heinrich Stadial 1 and the Younger Dryas) were accompanied by marked increases in atmospheric CO2 (CO2atm) and decreases in its stable carbon isotopic ratios (d13C), i.e. d13CO2atm, presumably due to outgassing from the ocean. However, information on the preceding Heinrich Stadials during the last glacial period is scarce. Here we present d13C records from two species of planktonic foraminifera from the western South Atlantic that reveal major decreases (up to 1 per mil) during Heinrich Stadials 3 and 2. These d13C decreases are most likely related to millennialscale periods of weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and the consequent increase (decrease) in CO2atm (d13CO2atm). We hypothesise two mechanisms that could account for the decreases observed in our records, namely strengthening of Southern Ocean deep-water ventilation and weakening of the biological pump. Additionally, we suggest that air?sea gas exchange could have contributed to the observed d13C decreases. Together with other lines of evidence, our data are consistent with the hypothesis that the CO2 added to the atmosphere during abrupt millennial-scale climate change events of the last glacial period also originated in the ocean and reached the atmosphere by outgassing. The temporal evolution of d13C during Heinrich Stadials 3 and 2 in our records is characterized by two relative minima separated by a relative maximum. This ?w structure? is also found in North Atlantic and South American records, further suggesting that such a structure is a pervasive feature of Heinrich Stadial 2 and, possibly, also Heinrich Stadial 3.
Latitude: -32.686500 * Longitude: -50.109000
Date/Time Start: 1999-12-12T20:35:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-12-12T20:35:00
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