Not logged in
PANGAEA.
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Bach, Lennart Thomas; Boxhammer, Tim; Hildebrandt, Nicole; Schulz, Kai Georg; Riebesell, Ulf (2017): Plankton community structure during KOSMOS 2011 mesocosm experiment in the Raunefjord. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.873742, Supplement to: Bach, Lennart Thomas; Boxhammer, Tim; Larsen, Aud; Hildebrandt, Nicole; Schulz, Kai Georg; Riebesell, Ulf (2016): Influence of plankton community structure on the sinking velocity of marine aggregates. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30(8), 1145-1165, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GB005372

Always quote above citation when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX CitationShow MapGoogle Earth

Abstract:
About 50 Gt of carbon is fixed photosynthetically by surface ocean phytoplankton communities every year. Part of this organic matter is reprocessed within the plankton community to form aggregates which eventually sink and export carbon into the deep ocean. The fraction of organic matter leaving the surface ocean is partly dependent on aggregate sinking velocity which accelerates with increasing aggregate size and density, where the latter is controlled by ballast load and aggregate porosity. In May 2011, we moored nine 25 m deep mesocosms in a Norwegian fjord to assess on a daily basis how plankton community structure affects material properties and sinking velocities of aggregates (Ø 80–400 µm) collected in the mesocosms' sediment traps. We noted that sinking velocity was not necessarily accelerated by opal ballast during diatom blooms, which could be due to relatively high porosity of these rather fresh aggregates. Furthermore, estimated aggregate porosity (Pestimated) decreased as the picoautotroph (0.2–2 µm) fraction of the phytoplankton biomass increased. Thus, picoautotroph‐dominated communities may be indicative for food webs promoting a high degree of aggregate repackaging with potential for accelerated sinking. Blooms of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi revealed that cell concentrations of ~1500 cells/mL accelerate sinking by about 35–40%, which we estimate (by one‐dimensional modeling) to elevate organic matter transfer efficiency through the mesopelagic from 14 to 24%. Our results indicate that sinking velocities are influenced by the complex interplay between the availability of ballast minerals and aggregate packaging; both of which are controlled by plankton community structure.
Coverage:
Latitude: 60.264500 * Longitude: 5.205500
Date/Time Start: 2011-05-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2011-06-05T00:00:00
Event(s):
KOSMOS_2011_Bergen (Raunefjord) * Latitude: 60.264500 * Longitude: 5.205500 * Date/Time Start: 2011-05-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2011-06-05T00:00:00 * Device: Mesocosm experiment (MESO)
Size:
4 datasets

Download Data

Download ZIP file containing all datasets as tab-delimited text (use the following character encoding: )