Laukert, Georgi; Frank, Martin; Bauch, Dorothea; Hathorne, Ed C; Rabe, Benjamin; von Appen, Wilken-Jon; Wegner, Carolyn; Zieringer, Moritz; Kassens, Heidemarie (2017): Analysis of Nd isotope, REE and oxygen isotope ratios on water samples across Fram Strait. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.871520, Supplement to: Laukert, G et al. (2017): Ocean circulation and freshwater pathways in the Arctic Mediterranean based on a combined Nd isotope, REE and oxygen isotope section across Fram Strait. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 202, 285-309, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2016.12.028
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The water masses passing the Fram Strait are mainly responsible for the exchange of heat and freshwater between the Nordic Seas and the Arctic Ocean (the Arctic Mediterranean, AM). Disentangling their exact sources, distribution and mixing, however, is complex. This work provides new insights based on a detailed geochemical tracer inventory including dissolved Nd isotope (e-Nd), rare earth element (REE) and stable oxygen isotope (d18O) data along a full water depth section across Fram Strait.
We find that Nd isotope and REE distributions in the open AM primarily reflect lateral advection of water masses and their mixing. Seawater-particle interactions exert important control only above the shelf regions, as observed above the NE Greenland Shelf. Advection of northward flowing warm Atlantic Water (AW) is clearly reflected by an e-Nd signature of -11.7 and a Nd concentration ([Nd]) of 16 pmol/kg in the upper ~500 m of the eastern and central Fram Strait. Freshening and cooling of the AW on its way trough the AM are accompanied by a continuous change towards more radiogenic e-Nd signatures (e.g. -10.4 of dense Arctic Atlantic Water). This mainly reflects mixing with intermediate waters but also admixture of dense Kara Sea waters and Pacific-derived waters. The more radiogenic e-Nd signatures of the intermediate and deep waters (reaching -9.5) are mainly acquired in the SW Nordic Seas through exchange with basaltic formations of Iceland and CE Greenland. Inputs of Nd from Svalbard are not observed and surface waters and Nd on the Svalbard shelf originate from the Barents Sea. Shallow southward flowing Arctic-derived waters (<200 m) form the core of the East Greenland Current above the Greenland slope and can be traced by their relatively radiogenic e-Nd (reaching -8.8) and elevated [Nd] (21-29 pmol/kg). These properties are used together with d18O and standard hydrographic tracers to define the proportions of Pacific-derived (<~30% based on Nd isotopes) and Atlantic-derived waters, as well as of river waters (<~8%). Shallow waters (<150 m) on the NE Greenland Shelf share some characteristics of Arctic-derived waters, but exhibit less radiogenic epsilon-Nd values (reaching -12.4) and higher [Nd] (up to 38 pmol/kg) in the upper ~100 m. This suggests local addition of Greenland freshwater of up to ~6%. In addition to these observations, this study shows that the pronounced gradients in epsilon-Nd signatures and REE characteristics in the upper water column provide a reliable basis for assessments of shallow hydrological changes within the AM.
Laukert, Georgi; Frank, Martin; Hathorne, Ed C; Krumpen, Thomas; Rabe, Ben; Bauch, Dorothea; Werner, Kirstin; Peeken, Ilka; Kassens, Heidemarie (2017): Pathways of Siberian freshwater and sea ice in the Arctic Ocean traced with radiogenic Neodymium isotopes and rare earth elements. Polarforschung, 87(1), 3-13, https://doi.org/10.2312/Polarforschung.87.1.3
Median Latitude: 54.547039 * Median Longitude: -1.422994 * South-bound Latitude: 31.730000 * West-bound Longitude: -64.170000 * North-bound Latitude: 79.834000 * East-bound Longitude: 130.994000
Date/Time Start: 2012-06-20T15:17:00 * Date/Time End: 2014-09-20T00:00:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Laukert, G; Frank, M; Bauch, D et al. (2017): Neodymium isotopes and rare earth elements measured on water bottle samples during POLARSTERN cruise ARK-XXVII/1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.871516
- Laukert, G; Frank, M; Bauch, D et al. (2017): Rare earth elements measured on water bottle samples at BATS. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.871519
- Laukert, G; Frank, M; Bauch, D et al. (2017): Rare earth elements measured on water bottle samples at BATS. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.871518
- Laukert, G; Frank, M; Bauch, D et al. (2017): Neodymium isotopes and rare earth elements measured on water bottle samples during cruise TDXXI and TDXXII. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.871517