Kopte, Robert; Brandt, Peter; Dengler, Marcus; Tchipalanga, Pedro Cláver Mota; Macuéria, Marisa Francisca de; Ostrowski, Marek (2017): The Angola Current - flow and hydrographic characteristics as observed at 11°S. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.868684, Supplement to: Kopte, R et al. (2017): The Angola Current: Flow and hydrographic characteristics as observed at 11°S. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC012374
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The eastern boundary circulation off the coast of Angola has been described only sparsely to date, although it is a key element in the understanding of the highly productive tropical marine ecosystem off Angola. Here, we report for the first time direct velocity observations of the Angola Current (AC) at ~11°S collected between July 2013 and October 2015 in the depth range from 45 to 450 m. The measurements reveal an alongshore flow that is dominated by intra-seasonal to seasonal variability with periodically alternating southward and northward velocities in the range of ±40 cm/s. During the observation period, a weak southward mean flow of 5-8 cm/s at 50 m depth is observed, with the southward current extending down to about 200 m depth. Corresponding mean southward transport of the AC is estimated to be 0.32 ± 0.046 Sv. An extensive set of hydrographic measurements is used to investigate the thermal structure and seasonality in the hydrography of the eastern boundary circulation. Within the depth range of the AC the superposition of annual and semi-annual harmonics explains a significant part of the total variability, although salinity in the near surface layer appears to be also impacted by year-to-year variability and/or short-term freshening events. In the central water layer, temperature and salinity on isopycnals vary only weakly on seasonal to annual time scales. The available dataset is further used to evaluate different reanalysis products particularly emphasizing the ocean's role in coupled climate model SST biases in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic.
Median Latitude: -12.805402 * Median Longitude: 1.718307 * South-bound Latitude: -23.000170 * West-bound Longitude: -38.533800 * North-bound Latitude: -3.716200 * East-bound Longitude: 14.520000
Date/Time Start: 1991-05-30T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2015-11-17T06:47:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Kopte, R; Dengler, M (2016): Physical oceanography during METEOR cruise M120. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.868654
- Kopte, R; Tchipalanga, PCM; Macuéria, MF et al. (2016): Physical oceanography during EAF-Nansen between 10°S and 12°S: CTD and ADCP data. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.868683
- Kopte, R; Tchipalanga, PCM; Macuéria, MF et al. (2016): Physical oceanography during EAF-Nansen cruises: temperature and salinity. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.868650
- Krahmann, G; Brandt, P (2016): Physical oceanography during METEOR cruise M98. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.868640
- Krahmann, G; Czeschel, R; Kopte, R (2016): ADCP current measurements (38 and 75 kHz) during METEOR cruise M120. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.869658
- Krahmann, G; Kopte, R (2016): ADCP current measurements (38 and 75 kHz) during METEOR cruise M98. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.869656
- Krahmann, G (2017): Physical oceanography from glider mission IFM03_depl12. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.870916
- Krahmann, G (2017): Physical oceanography from mooring KPO_1106 and KPO_1107. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.870917