Sirocko, Frank; Dietrich, Stephan; Veres, Daniel; Grootes, Pieter Meiert; Schaber-Mohr, Katja; Seelos, Klemens; Nadeau, Marie-Josée; Kromer, Bernd; Rothacker, Leo; Röhner, Marieke; Krbetschek, Matthias R; Appleby, Peter G; Hambach, Ulrich; Rolf, Christian; Sudo, Masafumi; Grim, Stephanie (2013): Dust-stack 2013 of combined sediment record ELSA. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.868667, Supplement to: Sirocko, F et al. (2013): Multi-proxy dating of Holocene maar lakes and Pleistocene dry maar sediments in the Eifel, Germany. Quaternary Science Reviews, 62, 56-76, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.09.011
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During the last twelve years the ELSA Project (Eifel Laminated Sediment Archive) at Mainz University has drilled a total of about 52 cores from 27 maar lakes and filled-in maar basins in the Eifel/Germany. Dating has been completed for the Holocene cores using 6 different methods (210Pb and 137Cs activities, palynostratigraphy, event markers, varve counting, 14C). In general, the different methods consistently complement one another within error margins. Event correlation was used for relating typical lithological changes with historically known events such as the two major Holocene flood events at 1342 AD and ca 800 BC. Dating of MIS2?MIS3 core sections is based on greyscale tuning, radiocarbon and OSL dating, magnetostratigraphy and tephrochronology. The lithological changes in the sediment cores demonstrate a sequence of events similar to the North Atlantic rapid climate variability of the Last Glacial Cycle. The warmest of the MIS3 interstadials was GI14, when a forest with abundant spruce covered the Eifel area from 55 to 48 ka BP, i.e. during a time when also other climate archives in Europe suggested very warm conditions. The forest of this 'Early Stage 3 warm phase' developed subsequently into a steppe with scattered birch and pine, and finally into a glacial desert at around 25 ka BP. Evidence for Mono Lake and Laschamp geomagnetic excursions is found in two long cores. Several large eruptions during Middle and Late Pleistocene (Ulmener Maar - 11,000 varve years BP, Laacher See - 12,900 varve years BP, Mosenberg volcanoes/Meerfelder Maar 41-45 cal ka BP, Dümpel Maar 116 ka BP, Glees Maar - 151 ka BP) produced distinct ash-layers crucial for inter-core and inter-site correlations. The oldest investigated maar of the Eifel is 40Ar/39Ar dated to the time older than 520 ka BP.
Brunck, Heiko; Sirocko, Frank; Albert, Johannes (2016): The ELSA-Flood-Stack: A reconstruction from the laminated sediments of Eifel maar structures during the last 60000 years. Global and Planetary Change, 142, 136-146, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.12.003
Förster, Michael W; Sirocko, Frank (2016): The ELSA tephra stack: Volcanic activity in the Eifel during the last 500,000 years. Global and Planetary Change, 142, 100-107, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.07.012
Sirocko, Frank (2016): The ELSA - Stacks (Eifel-Laminated-Sediment-Archive): An introduction. Global and Planetary Change, 142, 96-99, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.03.011
Sirocko, Frank; Knapp, Hannes; Dreher, Frank; Förster, Michael W; Albert, Johannes; Brunck, Heiko; Veres, Daniel; Dietrich, Stephan; Zech, Michael; Hambach, Ulrich; Röhner, Marieke; Rudert, Saskia; Schwiebus, Klaus; Adams, Christel; Sigl, Petra (2016): Dust record of sediment core DE3. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.868664
Sirocko, Frank; Knapp, Hannes; Dreher, Frank; Förster, Michael W; Albert, Johannes; Brunck, Heiko; Veres, Daniel; Dietrich, Stephan; Zech, Michael; Hambach, Ulrich; Röhner, Marieke; Rudert, Saskia; Schwiebus, Klaus; Adams, Christel; Sigl, Petra (2016): The ELSA-Vegetation-Stack: Reconstruction of Landscape Evolution Zones (LEZ) from laminated Eifel maar sediments of the last 60,000years. Global and Planetary Change, 142, 108-135, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.03.005
Latitude: 50.160000 * Longitude: 6.830000
Sediment core combination: OW1 (Oberwinkler Maar Lat.: 50.14263, Long.: 6.93954, elevation: 385, recovery: 49.00 m, Gauß-Krüger coordinate system: 2567153/5556565) + DE3 (Dehner Maar Lat.: 50.2944, Long.: 6.50699, elevation: 565, recovery 87 m, Gauß-Krüger coordinate system: 2536122/5573145) + SM3 (Schalkenmehrener Maar Lat.: 50.17115, Long.: 6.85921, elevation 420 m, recovery: 12 m, Gauß-Krüger coordinate system: 2561375/5559668).
625 data points