Ning, Wenxin; Tang, Jing; Filipsson, Helena L (2016): Grain size distribution and sea level changes in Gåsfjärden fjord. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.865211, Supplement to: Ning, W et al. (2016): Long-term coastal openness variation and its impact on sediment grain-size distribution: a case study from the Baltic Sea. Earth Surface Dynamics, 4, 773-780, https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-4-773-2016
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We analysed long-term variations in grain-size distribution in sediments from Gåsfjärden, a fjord-like inlet on the south-west Baltic Sea, and explored potential drivers of the recorded changes in sediment grain-size data. Over the last 5.4 thousand years (ka), the relative sea level decreased 17 m in the study region, caused by isostatic land uplift. As a consequence, Gåsfjärden has been transformed from an open coastal setting into a semi-closed inlet surrounded on the east by numerous small islands. To quantitatively estimate the morphological changes in Gåsfjärden over the last 5.4 ka and to further link the changes to our grain-size data, a digital elevation model (DEM)-based openness index was calculated. In the period between 5.4 and 4.4 ka BP, the inlet was characterised by the largest openness index. During this interval, the highest sand contents (~0.4 %) and silt/clay ratios (~0. 3) in the sediment sequence were recorded, indicating relatively high bottom water energy. After 4.4 ka BP, the average sand content was halved to ~0.2 % and the silt/clay ratios showed a significant decreasing trend over the last 4 ka. These changes are found to be associated with the gradual embayment of Gåsfjärden as represented in the openness index. The silt/clay ratios exhibited a delayed and slower change compared with the sand contents, which further suggest that finer particles are less sensitive to changes in hydrodynamic energy. Our DEM-based coastal openness index has proved to be a useful tool for interpreting the sedimentary grain-size record.
Latitude: 57.572580 * Longitude: 16.582890
Date/Time Start: 2011-08-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2011-08-01T00:00:00