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Ge, HuangMin; Zhang, ChuanLun; Versteegh, Gerard J M; Chen, LingLing; Fan, DaiDu; Dong, Liang; Liu, JingJing (2016): GDGT-based proxies of sediment core YD0903. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Ge, HM et al. (2015): Evolution of the East China Sea sedimentary environment in the past 14 kyr: Insights from tetraethers-based proxies. Science China Earth Sciences, 59(5), 927-938,

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We reconstruct the environmental evolution of the East China Sea in the past 14 kyr based on glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) in a sediment core from the subaqueous Yangtze River Delta. Two primary phases are recognized. Phase I (13.8-8 cal kyr BP) reflects a predominantly continental influence, showing distinctly higher concentrations of branched GDGTs (averaged 143 ng/g dry sediment weight, dsw) than isoprenoid GDGTs (averaged 36 ng/g dsw), high BIT index (branched vs. isoprenoid tetraethers) values (>0.78) and a fluctuating GDGT-0/crenarchaeol ratio (R0/5, varied from 0.52 to 3.81). Within this interval, temporal increases of terrestrial and marine influence are attributed to Younger Dryas (YD) (ca. 12.9-12.2 cal kyr BP) cold event and melt-water pulse (MWP) -1B (11.5-11.1 cal kyr BP), respectively. The prominent transition from 8 to 7.9 cal kyr BP shows a sharp decrease in BIT index value (<0.4) and increase in crenarchaeol, which marks the beginning of phase II. Afterwards, the proxies remain relatively constant, which indicates that phase II (7.9 cal kyr BP-present) is a shelf sedimentary environment with high stand of sea level. Overall, the BIT index in our record serves as a good marker for terrestrial influence at the site, and likely reflects the flooding history of the region. The TEX86 (TetraEther Index of tetraethers consisting of 86 carbons) proxy is not applicable in phase I because of an excess terrestrial influence; but it seems to be valid for revealing the annual SST in phase II (21.6±0.9°C, n=49). In contrast, the MBT'/CBT (Methylation of Branched Tetraethers and Cyclization of Branched Tetraethers) proxy appears to faithfully record the annual mean air temperature (MAT) (14.3±0.63°C, n=68) and presents an integrated signal over the middle and lower Yangtze River drainage basin.
Related to:
Chen, LingLing (2016): AMS 14C dating results of sediment core YD0903. PANGAEA, ((Table 1) YD0903 AMS 14C dating results used in this work)
Latitude: 30.898410 * Longitude: 122.909160
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.04 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 39.72 m
YD0903 * Latitude: 30.898410 * Longitude: 122.909160 * Elevation: -36.0 m * Recovery: 60 * Location: East China Sea * Comment: collected in May 2009
This research was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2013CB955703), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 91028005), the China Geological Survey (Grant No. GZH201100203), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2013CB429701), the "National Thousand Talents" Program through the State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology at Tongji University, the DFG to GJMV Heisenberg Grant (Grant No. VE486/2-2), and the Project of Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Hadal Science and Technology (Grant No. 14DZ2250900).
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Sample code/labelSample labelGe, HuangMin
2DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGe, HuangMinGeocode
3AGEAgeka BPGe, HuangMinGeocode
4Isoprenoid glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraetheriso GDGTµg/gGe, HuangMinTotal
5Acyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraetherGDGT-0µg/gGe, HuangMinTotal 1302
6CrenarchaeolCrenµg/gGe, HuangMinTotal 1292
7Crenarchaeol isomerCren isoµg/gGe, HuangMinTotal 1292
8Monocyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraetherGDGT-1µg/gGe, HuangMinTotal 1300
9Dicyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraetherGDGT-2µg/gGe, HuangMinTotal 1298
10Tricyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraetherGDGT-3µg/gGe, HuangMinTotal 1296
11Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraetherbrGDGTµg/gGe, HuangMinTotal bGDGTs
12Glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersGDGTsµg/gGe, HuangMinTotal GDGTs
13Tetraether index of 86 carbon atomsTEX86Ge, HuangMin
14Sea surface temperature, annual meanSST (1-12)°CGe, HuangMinbased on TEX86-T-2010
15Branched and isoprenoid tetraether indexBITGe, HuangMin
16RatioRatioGe, HuangMinM/C-T (Weijers)
17pHpHGe, HuangMinWeijers
18pHpHGe, HuangMinPeterse
1088 data points

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