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Webb, Alison L; Malin, Gill; Hopkins, Frances E; Hughes, Claire; Von Glasow, Roland; Liss, Peter S (2016): Dimethylsulphide and halocarbon concentrations taken from 10m integrated samples during the 2012 KOSMOS Finland Mesocosm experiment. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Webb, Alison L; Leedham-Elvidge, Emma; Hughes, Claire; Hopkins, Frances E; Malin, Gill; Bach, Lennart Thomas; Schulz, Kai Georg; Crawfurd, Katharine J; Brussaard, Corina P D; Stuhr, Annegret; Riebesell, Ulf; Liss, Peter S (2016): Effect of ocean acidification and elevated fCO2 on trace gas production by a Baltic Sea summer phytoplankton community. Biogeosciences, 13(15), 4595-4613,

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The Baltic Sea is a unique environment as the largest body of brackish water in the world. Acidification of the surface oceans due to absorption of anthropogenic CO2 emissions is an additional stressor facing the pelagic community of the already challenging Baltic Sea. To investigate its impact on trace gas biogeochemistry, a large-scale mesocosm experiment was performed off Tvärminne Research Station, Finland in summer 2012. During the second half of the experiment, dimethylsulphide (DMS) concentrations in the highest fCO2 mesocosms (1075-1333 µatm) were 34 % lower than at ambient CO2 (350 µatm). However the net production (as measured by concentration change) of seven halocarbons analysed was not significantly affected by even the highest CO2 levels after 5 weeks exposure. Methyl iodide (CH3I) and diiodomethane (CH2I2) showed 15 % and 57 % increases in mean mesocosm concentration (3.8 ± 0.6 pmol L-1 increasing to 4.3 ± 0.4 pmol L-1 and 87.4 ± 14.9 pmol L-1 increasing to 134.4 ± 24.1 pmol L-1 respectively) during Phase II of the experiment, which were unrelated to CO2 and corresponded to 30 % lower Chl-? concentrations compared to Phase I. No other iodocarbons increased or showed a peak, with mean chloroiodomethane (CH2ClI) concentrations measured at 5.3 (± 0.9) pmol L-1 and iodoethane (C2H5I) at 0.5 (± 0.1) pmol L-1. Of the concentrations of bromoform (CHBr3; mean 88.1 ± 13.2 pmol L-1), dibromomethane (CH2Br2; mean 5.3 ± 0.8 pmol L-1) and dibromochloromethane (CHBr2Cl, mean 3.0 ± 0.5 pmol L-1), only CH2Br2 showed a decrease of 17 % between Phases I and II, with CHBr3 and CHBr2Cl showing similar mean concentrations in both Phases. Outside the mesocosms, an upwelling event was responsible for bringing colder, high CO2, low pH water to the surface starting on day t16 of the experiment; this variable CO2 system with frequent upwelling events implies the community of the Baltic Sea is acclimated to regular significant declines in pH caused by up to 800 µatm fCO2. After this upwelling, DMS concentrations declined, but halocarbon concentrations remained similar or increased compared to measurements prior to the change in conditions. Based on our findings, with future acidification of Baltic Sea waters, biogenic halocarbon emissions are likely to remain at similar values to today, however emissions of biogenic sulphur could significantly decrease from this region.
Related to:
Paul, Allanah J; Schulz, Kai Georg; Achterberg, Eric Pieter; Hellemann, Dana; Nausch, Monika; Boxhammer, Tim; Bach, Lennart Thomas; Trense, Yves (2016): KOSMOS Finland 2012 mesocosm study: carbonate chemistry, particulate and dissolved matter pools, and phytoplankton community composition using marker pigments (CHEMTAX). PANGAEA,
Schulz, Kai Georg (2016): KOSMOS Finland 2012 mesocosm study: environmental parameter. PANGAEA,
Latitude: 59.858330 * Longitude: 23.258330
Date/Time Start: 2012-06-19T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2012-07-23T00:00:00
KOSMOS_2012_Tvaerminne * Latitude: 59.858330 * Longitude: 23.258330 * Date/Time: 2012-06-12T00:00:00 * Method/Device: Mesocosm experiment (MESO)
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1DATE/TIMEDate/TimeWebb, Alison LGeocode
2Day of experimentDOEdayWebb, Alison L
3Mesocosm labelMeso labelWebb, Alison L
4TreatmentTreatWebb, Alison L
5Dimethyl sulfide, dissolvedDMS dissnmol/lWebb, Alison L
6IodomethaneCH3Ipmol/lWebb, Alison L
7DiiodomethaneCH2I2pmol/lWebb, Alison L
8IodoethaneC2H5Ipmol/lWebb, Alison L
9TribromomethaneCHBr3pmol/lWebb, Alison L
10DibromomethaneCH2Br2pmol/lWebb, Alison L
11DibromochloromethaneCHBr2Clpmol/lWebb, Alison L
12ChloroiodomethaneCH2ClIpmol/lWebb, Alison L
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