Penman, Donald E; Kirtland Turner, Sandra; Sexton, Philip F; Norris, Richard D; Dickson, Alexander J; Boulila, Slah; Ridgwell, Andy; Zeebe, Richard E; Zachos, James C; Cameron, Adele; Westerhold, Thomas; Röhl, Ursula (2016): Stable isotopes and XRF data over the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum from IODP Sites U1403 and U1409. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.860498, Supplement to: Penman, DE et al. (2016): An abyssal carbonate compensation depth overshoot in the aftermath of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Nature Geoscience, 9, 575-580, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2757
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During the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) about 56 million years ago, thousands of petagrams of carbon were released into the atmosphere and ocean in just a few thousand years, followed by a gradual sequestration over approximately 200,000 years. If silicate weathering is one of the key negative feedbacks that removed this carbon, a period of seawater calcium carbonate saturation greater than pre-event levels is expected during the event's recovery phase. In marine sediments, this should be recorded as a temporary deepening of the depth below which no calcite is preserved - the calcite compensation depth (CCD). Previous and new sedimentary records from sites that were above the pre-PETM calcite compensation depth show enhanced carbonate accumulation following the PETM. A new record from an abyssal site in the North Atlantic that lay below the pre-PETM calcite compensation depth shows a period of carbonate preservation beginning about 70,000 years after the onset of the PETM, providing the first direct evidence for an over-deepening of the calcite compensation depth. This record confirms an overshoot in ocean carbonate saturation during the PETM recovery. Simulations with two earth system models support scenarios for the PETM that involve both a large initial carbon release followed by prolonged low-level emissions, consistent with the timing of CCD deepening in our record. Our findings indicate that sequestration of these carbon emissions was most likely the result of both globally enhanced calcite burial above the calcite compensation depth and, at least in the North Atlantic, by a temporary over-deepening of the calcite compensation depth.
Median Latitude: 40.619533 * Median Longitude: -50.518209 * South-bound Latitude: 39.943328 * West-bound Longitude: -51.803330 * North-bound Latitude: 41.295822 * East-bound Longitude: -49.233087
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Penman, DE; Kirtland Turner, S; Sexton, PF et al. (2016): Calcium carbonate and organic carbon content, and stable carbon isotope record of organic carbon of IODP Hole 342-U1403A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.860493
- Penman, DE; Kirtland Turner, S; Sexton, PF et al. (2016): Stable carbon and oxygen isotope record of Nuttallides truempyi of IODP Hole 342-U1409C. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.860495
- Penman, DE; Kirtland Turner, S; Sexton, PF et al. (2016): Stable carbon and oxygen isotope record of bulk carbonate of IODP Hole 342-U1403A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.860492
- Penman, DE; Kirtland Turner, S; Sexton, PF et al. (2016): Stable carbon and oxygen isotope record of bulk carbonate of IODP Site 342-U1409. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.860497
- Penman, DE; Kirtland Turner, S; Sexton, PF et al. (2016): X-ray fluorescence measurements (Ca and Fe) of IODP Hole 342-U1403A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.860494
- Penman, DE; Kirtland Turner, S; Sexton, PF et al. (2016): X-ray fluorescence measurements (Ca and Fe) of IODP Hole 342-U1409B. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.860496