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Knittel, Katrin; Lösekann, Tina; Boetius, Antje; Kort, Renate; Amann, Rudolf (2016): Relative abundance of anaerobic methanotrophic archaea in bacterial mat Cascadia margin off Oregon. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.860405, Supplement to: Knittel, K et al. (2005): Diversity and Distribution of Methanotrophic Archaea at Cold Seeps. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71(1), 467-479, https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.71.1.467-479.2005

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Abstract:
The microbially mediated anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) is the major biological sink of the greenhouse gas methane in marine sediments (doi:10.1007/978-94-009-0213-8_44) and serves as an important control for emission of methane into the hydrosphere. The AOM metabolic process is assumed to be a reversal of methanogenesis coupled to the reduction of sulfate to sulfide involving methanotrophic archaea (ANME) and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) as syntrophic partners which were describes amongst others in Boetius et al. (2000; doi:10.1038/35036572). In this study, 16S rRNA-based methods were used to investigate the distribution and biomass of archaea in samples from sediments above outcropping methane hydrate at Hydrate Ridge (Cascadia margin off Oregon) and (ii) massive microbial mats enclosing carbonate reefs (Crimea area, Black Sea). Sediment samples from Hydrate Ridge were obtained during R/V SONNE cruises SO143-2 in August 1999 and SO148-1 in August 2000 at the crest of southern Hydrate Ridge at the Cascadia convergent margin off the coast of Oregon. The second study area is located in the Black Sea and represents a field in which there is active seepage of free gas on the slope of the northwestern Crimea area. Here, a field of conspicuous microbial reefs forming chimney-like structures was discovered at a water depth of 230 m in anoxic waters. The microbial mats were sampled by using the manned submersible JAGO during the R/V Prof. LOGACHEV cruise in July 2001. At Hydrate Ridge the surface sediments were dominated by aggregates consisting of ANME-2 and members of the Desulfosarcina-Desulfococcus branch (DSS) (ANME-2/DSS aggregates), which accounted for >90% of the total cell biomass. The numbers of ANME-1 cells increased strongly with depth; these cells accounted 1% of all single cells at the surface and more than 30% of all single cells (5% of the total cells) in 7- to 10-cm sediment horizons that were directly above layers of gas hydrate. In the Black Sea microbial mats ANME-1 accounted for about 50% of all cells. ANME-2/DSS aggregates occurred in microenvironments within the mat but accounted for only 1% of the total cells. FISH probes for the ANME-2a and ANME-2c subclusters were designed based on a comparative 16S rRNA analysis. In Hydrate Ridge sediments ANME-2a/DSS and ANME-2c/DSS aggregates differed significantly in morphology and abundance. The relative abundance values for these subgroups were remarkably different at Beggiatoa sites (80% ANME-2a, 20% ANME-2c) and Calyptogena sites (20% ANME-2a, 80% ANME-2c), indicating that there was preferential selection of the groups in the two habitats.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 44.569588 * Median Longitude: -125.146493 * South-bound Latitude: 44.568330 * West-bound Longitude: -125.147750 * North-bound Latitude: 44.570300 * East-bound Longitude: -125.139670
Date/Time Start: 1999-08-06T02:23:00 * Date/Time End: 2000-08-01T05:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 0.005 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 0.145 m
Event(s):
SO143_105-1 * Latitude Start: 44.569000 * Longitude Start: -125.146833 * Latitude End: 44.570300 * Longitude End: -125.147050 * Date/Time Start: 1999-08-06T02:23:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-08-06T03:27:00 * Elevation: -787.0 m * Campaign: SO143/2 (TECFLUX I) * Basis: Sonne * Method/Device: Multicorer with television (TVMUC)
SO143_139 * Latitude: 44.568330 * Longitude: -125.139670 * Date/Time: 1999-08-12T00:00:00 * Elevation: -830.0 m * Location: Cascadia Margin * Method/Device: Multicorer with television (TVMUC)
SO143_185-1 * Latitude Start: 44.569833 * Longitude Start: -125.147167 * Latitude End: 44.570033 * Longitude End: -125.147233 * Date/Time Start: 1999-08-18T19:43:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-08-18T20:35:00 * Elevation: -787.0 m * Campaign: SO143/2 (TECFLUX I) * Basis: Sonne * Method/Device: Multicorer with television (TVMUC)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventKnittel, Katrin
2Date/Time of eventDate/TimeKnittel, Katrin
3Latitude of eventLatitudeKnittel, Katrin
4Longitude of eventLongitudeKnittel, Katrin
5DEPTH, waterDepth watermKnittel, KatrinGeocode
6HabitatHabitatKnittel, Katrin
7Anaerobic methanotrophic archaea-1, targeted with ANME-1-350 oligonucleotide FISH-probeANME-1-350%Knittel, KatrinFluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
8Standard deviationStd dev±Knittel, KatrinFluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)of anaerobic methanotrophic archaea-1, targed with ANME-1-350 oligonucleotide FISH-probe
Size:
156 data points

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