Mudie, Peta J; Blasco, Steve M (1985): Lithostatigraphy of the CESAR cores. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.859284, Supplement to: Mudie, PJ; Blasco, SM (1985): Lithostratigraphy of the CESAR cores. In: Jackson, H R; Mudie, P J & Blasco, S M, Initial geological report on CESAR - the Canadian Expedition to Study the Alpha Ridge, Arctic Ocean, Geological Survey of Canada, 84-22, 59-99, https://doi.org/10.4095/120315
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Sixteen piston cores and twelve gravity cores were successfully recovered from northern and southern crests of the eastern Alpha Ridge andfrom the Alpha Ridge graben. All but one core contain late Cenozoic muds with variable amounts of sand- to pebble-sized clastic material that probably reflects transport by ice during the past 4-5 Ma. Sixteen Cenozoic-Holocene lithostratigraphic units have been delimited on the basis of sediment texture, structure, colour, detrital carbonate and authigenicferromanganese content. The composition of the upper 13 units in the CESAR cores is similar to the Fletcher's Ice Island cores; hence most units can be broadly correlated over most of the Central Arctic Ocean. Three new lithostratigraphic units (A1-A3) occur at the base of CESAR cores from the northern Alpha Ridge crest. Paleomagnetic and palynological data indicate a Late Miocene-Early Pliocene age for unit A3, which confirms previous reports of a slow sedimentation rate during the Cenozoic. CESAR core 6 was obtained from an erosional surface on top of a fault block at the north edge of the Alpha Ridge graben. This core contains ca. 2m of laminated diatom ooze of Campanian-Maastrichtian age and two ?Paleogene volcanic ash units below a brown mud unit which probably corresponds to units A2 and A3. The biosiliceous ooze contains no foraminifera or silicoflagellates and only few dinoflagellates. There is little difference in biogenic or clastic sediment content between light and dark laminae and the rhythmites do not appear to be annual varves produced in an upwelling environment. The microstructure and fluctuating mineral composition of the laminae most closely resemble those of lami- nated chert beds in the Triassic forearc basins of Japan.
Source data set:
Median Latitude: 85.834611 * Median Longitude: -108.918667 * South-bound Latitude: 85.825000 * West-bound Longitude: -109.153333 * North-bound Latitude: 85.851667 * East-bound Longitude: -108.353333
Date/Time Start: 1983-05-01T19:50:00 * Date/Time End: 1983-05-14T23:22:00
CESAR_83-006 (83-006) * Latitude: 85.830000 * Longitude: -109.153333 * Date/Time: 1983-05-01T19:50:00 * Elevation: -1365.0 m * Recovery: 3.65 m * Location: Alpha Ridge, Arctic Ocean * Campaign: CESAR * Basis: Sampling/drilling from ice * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC)
CESAR_83-007 (83-007) * Latitude: 85.851667 * Longitude: -108.713333 * Date/Time: 1983-05-02T20:45:00 * Elevation: -1250.0 m * Recovery: 3.13 m * Location: Alpha Ridge, Arctic Ocean * Campaign: CESAR * Basis: Sampling/drilling from ice * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC)
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Mudie, PJ; Blasco, SM (1985): Carbon and nitrogen analysis on sediment core CESAR_83-006. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.53153
- Mudie, PJ; Blasco, SM (1985): Description of ferromanganese micronodules observed in the cores of the CESAR Canadian Station in the Alpha Ridge, Arctic Ocean. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.859283