Kwoll, Eva; Venditti, Jeremy G; Bradley, Ryan W; Winter, Christian (2016): Laboratory investigation of flow structure and resistance of high- and low-angle dunes. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.858186, Supplement to: Kwoll, E et al. (2016): Flow structure and resistance over subaquaeous high- and low-angle dunes. Journal of Geophysical Research-Earth Surface, 121(3), 545-564, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JF003637
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A prominent control on the flow over subaqueous dunes is the slope of the downstream leeside. While previous work has focused on steep (~30°), asymmetric dunes with permanent flow separation, little is known about dunes with lower lee-slope angles for which flow separation is absent or intermittent. Here, we present a laboratory investigation where we systematically varied the dune lee-slope, holding other geometric parameters and flow hydraulics constant, to explore effects on the turbulent flow field and flow resistance. Three sets of fixed dunes (lee-slopes of 10°, 20° and 30°) were separately installed in a 15 m long and 1 m wide flume and subjected to 0.20 m deep flow. Measurements consisted of high-frequency, vertical profiles collected with a Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV). We show that the temporal and spatial occurrence of flow separation decreases with dune lee-slope. Velocity gradients in the dune leeside depict a free shear layer downstream of the 30° dunes and a weaker shear layer closer to the bed for the 20° and 10° dunes. The decrease in velocity gradients leads to lower magnitude of turbulence production for gentle lee-slopes. Aperiodic, strong ejection events dominate the shear layer, but decrease in strength and frequency for low-angle dunes. Flow resistance of dunes decreases with lee-slope; the transition being non-linear. Over the 10°, 20° and 30° dunes, shear stress is 8%, 33% and 90 % greater than a flat bed, respectively. Our results demonstrate that dune lee-slope plays an important, but often ignored role in flow resistance.
This data set contains results of high-resolution laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) measurements of the flow field above fixed dunes in an experimental channel. Three sets of fixed dunes (lee-slopes of 10°, 20° and 30°) were separately installed in a 15 m long and 1 m wide flume and subjected to 0.20 m deep flow.