Matousu, Anna; Osudar, Roman; Simek, Karel; Bussmann, Ingeborg (2015): Methane concentrations and methane oxidation rates from June 2012 - June 2013 in the Elbe Estuary, from Hamburg to Cuxhaven, Germany. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.855825, Supplement to: Matousu, A et al. (2016): Methane distribution and methane oxidation in the water column of the Elbe estuary, Germany. Aquatic Sciences, 1-16, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00027-016-0509-9
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Rivers represent a transition zone between terrestric and aquatic environments, and between methane rich and methane poor environments. The Elbe River is one of the important rivers draining into the North Sea and with the Elbe potentially high amounts of methane could be imported into the water column of the North Sea. Twelve cruises from October 2010 until June 2013 were conducted from Hamburg towards the Elbe mouth at Cuxhaven. The dynamic of methane concentration in the water column and its consumption via methane oxidation was measured. In addition, physico-chemical parameters were used to estimate their influence on the methanotrophic activity.
We observed high methane concentrations at the stations in the area of Hamburg harbor ("inner estuary") and about 10 times lower concentrations in the outer estuary (median of 416 versus 40 nmol/L). The methane oxidation (MOX) rate mirrowed the methane distribution with high values in the inner estuary and low values in the outer estuary (median of 161 versus 10 nmol/L/d respectively) Methane concentrations were significantly influenced by the river hydrology (falling water level) and the trophic state of the water (biological oxygen demand). In contrast to other studies no clear relation to the amount of suspendended particulate matter (SPM) was found. Methane oxidation rates were significantly influenced by methane concentration and to a weaker extent by temperature. Methane oxidation accounted for 41 ± 12% of the total loss of methane in summer/fall, but only for 5 ± 3% of the total loss in winter/spring. We applied a modified box model taking into account the residence times of a water parcel depending on discharge and tidal impact. We observed almost stable methane concentrations in the outer estuary, despite a strong loss of methane through diffusion and oxidation. Thus we postulate that in the outer Elbe estuary a strong additional input of methane is required, which could be provided by the extensive salt marshes near the river mouth.
Median Latitude: 53.713750 * Median Longitude: 9.391250 * South-bound Latitude: 53.530000 * West-bound Longitude: 8.730000 * North-bound Latitude: 53.880000 * East-bound Longitude: 10.030000
Date/Time Start: 2012-06-11T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-06-12T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 1 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 16 m
EC-619 * Latitude: 53.530000 * Longitude: 10.030000 * Location: Elbe Estuary * Method/Device: Monitoring station (MONS)
EC-629 * Latitude: 53.540000 * Longitude: 9.880000 * Location: Elbe Estuary * Method/Device: Monitoring station (MONS)
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method/Device||Comment|
|1||Event label||Event||Bussmann, Ingeborg|
|3||Latitude of event||Latitude||Bussmann, Ingeborg|
|4||Longitude of event||Longitude||Bussmann, Ingeborg|
|5||Depth, bathymetric||Bathy depth||m||Bussmann, Ingeborg|
|6||DEPTH, water||Depth water||m||Bussmann, Ingeborg||Geocode|
|7||Suspended matter||SPM||mg/l||Bussmann, Ingeborg|
|9||Methane oxidation rate||MOX||nmol/l/day||Bussmann, Ingeborg||3H-CH4 incubation|
|10||Methane oxidation rate, standard deviation||MOX std dev||±||Bussmann, Ingeborg|
|11||Turnover time||Tt||days||Bussmann, Ingeborg|
|12||Temperature, water||Temp||°C||Bussmann, Ingeborg|
475 data points