Fyfe, Ralph M; Woodbridge, Jessie; Roberts, Neil (2015): Deforesting Europe: pollen-inferred Holocene land cover change using the 'pseudobiomization' approach. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853947, Supplement to: Fyfe, RM et al. (2015): From forest to farmland: pollen-inferred land cover change across Europe using the pseudobiomization approach. Global Change Biology, 21(3), 1197-1212, https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12776
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Maps of continental-scale land cover are utilized by a range of diverse users but whilst a range of products exist that describe present and recent land cover in Europe, there are currently no datasets that describe past variations over long time-scales. User groups with an interest in past land cover include the climate modelling community, socio-ecological historians and earth system scientists. Europe is one of the continents with the longest histories of land conversion from forest to farmland, thus understanding land cover change in this area is globally significant. This study applies the pseudobiomization method (PBM) to 982 pollen records from across Europe, taken from the European Pollen Database (EPD) to produce a first synthesis of pan-European land cover change for the period 9000 BP to present, in contiguous 200 year time intervals. The PBM transforms pollen proportions from each site to one of eight land cover classes (LCCs) that are directly comparable to the CORINE land cover classification. The proportion of LCCs represented in each time window provides a spatially aggregated record of land cover change for temperate and northern Europe, and for a series of case study regions (western France, the western Alps, and the Czech Republic and Slovakia). At the European scale, the impact of Neolithic food producing economies appear to be detectable from 6000 BP through reduction in broad-leaf forests resulting from human land use activities such as forest clearance. Total forest cover at a pan-European scale moved outside the range of previous background variability from 4000 BP onwards. From 2200 BP land cover change intensified, and the broad pattern of land cover for preindustrial Europe was established by 1000 BP. Recognizing the timing of anthropogenic land cover change in Europe will further the understanding of land cover-climate interactions, and the origins of the modern cultural landscape.
Median Latitude: 58.664667 * Median Longitude: 36.733559 * South-bound Latitude: 29.477222 * West-bound Longitude: -20.609722 * North-bound Latitude: 76.668333 * East-bound Longitude: 123.350000
Date/Time Start: 1919-09-15T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-06-30T00:00:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Fyfe, RM; Woodbridge, J; Roberts, N (2015): From forest to farmland: pollen-inferred land cover change across Europe using the pseudobiomization approach, links to figures in high resolution. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853953
- Fyfe, RM; Woodbridge, J; Roberts, N (2015): Information about core chronologies. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853943
- Fyfe, RM; Woodbridge, J; Roberts, N (2015): Lists of taxa assigned to each land cover class (LCC). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853945
- Fyfe, RM; Woodbridge, J; Roberts, N (2015): Pollen site metadata from the European Pollen Database. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853941
- Fyfe, RM; Woodbridge, J; Roberts, N (2015): Results of pseudobiomization method (PBM) with scores for each land cover class (LCC), sums for total forest, total open land, and LCC assigned to each pollen sample in 200 year time windows. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853942