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Mewes, Konstantin; Mogollón, José M; Picard, Aude; Rühlemann, Carsten; Eisenhauer, Anton; Kuhn, Thomas; Ziebis, Wiebke; Kasten, Sabine (2015): Biogeochemical parameters (oxygen, nitrate, phosphate, TOC and strontium) at three sites from the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853828, Supplement to: Mewes, K et al. (2016): Diffusive transfer of oxygen from seamount basaltic crust into overlying sediments: an example from the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 433, 215-225, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.10.028

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Abstract:
The Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone (CCFZ) in the Pacific Ocean is characterized by organic carbon-starved sediments and meter-scale oxygen penetration into the sediment. Furthermore, numerous seamounts occur throughout its deep-sea plain, which may serve as conduits for low-temperature hydrothermal circulation of seawater through the oceanic crust. Recent studies in deep-sea environments of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans have suggested and presented evidence of an exchange of dissolved constituents between the seawater flowing in the basaltic crust and the pore water of the overlying sediments. Through high-resolution pore-water oxygen and nutrient measurements, we examined fluxes and geochemical interactions between the seamount basaltic basement and pore waters of the overlying sediments at three sites located on a radial transect from the foot of Teddy Bare, a small seamount in the CCFZ. At three sites, located 1000, 700 and 400 m away from the foot of the seamount, we found that oxygen concentrations initially decrease with sediment depth but start to increase at depths of 3 and 7 m towards the basaltic basement. NO32- concentrations mirror the oxygen concentration profiles, as they increase with sediment depth but decrease towards the basement. We performed transport reaction modeling and determined at one site the 87Sr/86Sr ratio of the pore water and the bottom water overlying the sediments, which indicated that the 87Sr/86Sr ratio of the pore water at the bottom of the sediment column is similar to the seawater
Transport-reaction modeling revealed that (1) the diffusive flux of oxygen from the basaltic basement outpaces the oxygen consumption through organic matter oxidation and nitrification in the basal sediments and (2) the nutrient exchange between the sediment and the underlying basaltic crust occurs at orders-of-magnitude lower rates than between the upper sediment and the overlying bottom water.
Our results suggest an upward diffusion of oxygen from seawater circulating within the seamount crust into the overlying basal sediments. The oxygen profiles presented here represent the first of their kind ever measured in the Pacific Ocean, as they indicate an upward flux of molecular oxygen from a basaltic aquifer, something that has so far only been documented - at one other location worldwide - the North Pond site in the Atlantic Ocean. We show that the diffusion of oxygen from the seamount basaltic basement into the overlying pore waters affects the preservation of organic compounds and helps to maintain a completely oxygenated sedimentary column at all 3 sites near the seamount.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 13.175182 * Median Longitude: -118.105380 * South-bound Latitude: 13.175170 * West-bound Longitude: -118.108170 * North-bound Latitude: 13.175200 * East-bound Longitude: -118.102830
Date/Time Start: 2010-05-15T21:41:00 * Date/Time End: 2012-04-13T00:00:00
Size:
10 datasets

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Datasets listed in this Collection

  1. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Pore water profile of oxygen of sediment core BIO12-53KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853818
  2. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Pore water profile of oxygen of sediment core BIO12-60KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853819
  3. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Pore water profile of oxygen of sediment core SO205-59-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853820
  4. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Pore water profile of phophate and nitrate of sediment core BIO12-53KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853821
  5. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Pore water profile of phophate and nitrate of sediment core BIO12-60KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853822
  6. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Pore water profile of phophate and nitrate of sediment core SO205-59-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853823
  7. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Pore water profile of strontium of sediment core SO205-59-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853824
  8. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Solid phase profile of total organic carbon from sediment core. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853825
  9. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Solid phase profile of total organic carbon from sediment core. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853827
  10. Mewes, K; Mogollón, JM; Picard, A et al. (2015): Solid phase profile of total organic carbon from sediment core. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853826