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Kramer, Annemarie; Beck, Hans Christian; Kumar, Abhishek; Kristensen, Lars Peter; Imhoff, Johannes F; Labes, Antje (2015): Experiment on marine fungus Microascus brevicaulis strain. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Kramer, A et al. (2015): Proteomic Analysis of Anti-Cancerous Scopularide Production by a Marine Microascus brevicaulis Strain and Its UV Mutant. PLoS ONE, 10(10), e0140047,

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The marine fungus Microascus brevicaulis strain LF580 is a non-model secondary metabolite producer with high yields of the two secondary metabolites scopularide A and B, which exhibit distinct activities against tumour cell lines. A mutant strain was obtained using UV mutagenesis, showing besides higher production levels faster growth and differences in pellet formation.
Comparative proteomics were applied to gain deeper understanding of the regulation of production and of the physiology of this fungus and its mutant. For this purpose, an optimised protein extraction protocol was established. Here, we show the first proteome study of a marine fungus. In total, 4759 proteins were identified. The central metabolic pathway of LF580 could be mapped by using KEGG pathway analysis and GO annotation. Using iTRAQ labelling, 318 proteins were shown to be significantly regulated in the mutant strain: 189 were down- and 129 upregulated.
Proteomics are a powerful tool for the understanding of regulatory aspects: The differences on proteome level could be attributed to a limited nutrient availability in wild type strain due to a strong pellet formation. This information can be applied to optimisation on strain and process level. The linkage between nutrient limitation and pellet formation in the non-model fungus M. brevicaulis is in consensus with the knowledge on model organisms like Aspergillus niger and Penicillium chrysogenum.
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