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Guillon, Hervé; Mugnier, Jean-Louis; Godon, Cécile; Buoncristiani, Jean-François; Goutaland, David; Winiarski, Thierry; Bièvre, Grégory (2015): Sediment volume variations inferred from DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area (Mont-Blanc massif, France). Institut des Sciences de la Terre, University of Savoy, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849218

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Abstract:
This dataset presents Differential Global Positioning System data (DGPS) acquired within the Bossons glacier proglacial area. Bossons glacier is a rapidly retreating glacier and its proglacial area is deglaciated for ~30 years. Bossons stream is one of the outlets of the subglacial drainage system. It starts as a 800 m steep cascade reach, then flows through an area with gentler slope : the Plan des Eaux (PdE). PdE is a 300 m long, 50 m wide proglacial alluvial plain with an increasing channel mobility in the downstream direction but decreasing slope gradient and incision. As it may act a sediment trap, studying periglacial and proglacial erosion processes in the Bossons catchment requires to quantify PdE sediment volume evolution.
A several meter-sized block located within Bossons proglacial area was set up as GPS base : its location was measured by one antenna (Topcon Hyper Pro) by performing 600 consecutive measurements throughout one day. A second antenna (Topcon Hyper Pro) was then used to measure XYZ location of points in the proglacial area with a ~2 m grid. Radio communication between the two antennas allowed differential calculations to be automatically carried out on field using the Topcon FC-250 hand controller. This methodology yields 3 cm XY and 1.5 cm Z uncertainties.
DGPS data have been acquired through 10 campaigns from 2004 to 2014; campaigns from 2004 to 2008 cover a smaller area than those from 2010 to 2014. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) have been interpolated from DGPS data and difference between two DEMs yields deposited and eroded volume within PdE. Maps of PdE volume variation between two campaigns show that incision mainly occurs in the upper and lower sections where as deposition dominates in the middle section. Deposition, denudation and net rate (deposition rate - denudation rate) are calculated by normalizing volumes by DEM areas.
Deposition dominates results with a mean net rate of 29 mm/yr. However, strong inter-annual variability exists and some years are dominated by denudation : -36 mm/yr and -100 mm/yr for 2006 and 2011, respectively. Nonetheless, oldest campaigns (2004 to 2008) were carried out on the lower part part of the alluvial plain and ruling them out to keep only complete DEM (2010 to 2014) yields a mean net rate of ~15 mm/yr. This results is coherent with field observations of both strong deposition (e.g. flood deposits) and strong erosion (e.g. 30 cm incision) evidences. Bossons glacier proglacial area is thus dynamic with year-to-year geormorphological changes but may leans toward increasing its mean elevation through a deposition dominated system.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 45.898192 * Median Longitude: 6.850235 * South-bound Latitude: 45.895739 * West-bound Longitude: 6.849036 * North-bound Latitude: 45.899395 * East-bound Longitude: 6.851688
Date/Time Start: 2004-06-30T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2014-09-03T00:00:00
Size:
11 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849191
  2. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849192
  3. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849193
  4. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849194
  5. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849195
  6. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2011-04. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849196
  7. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2011-07. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849197
  8. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2012-10-07. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849198
  9. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2013-05-09. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849199
  10. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area, 2014-09-03. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849200
  11. Guillon, H; Mugnier, J-L; Godon, C et al. (2015): Deposition and denudation rates inferred from DGPS measurements within Bossons glacier proglacial area. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.849217