Al-Janabi, B et al. (2015): Warming and acidification experiment on early life-stage F. vesiculosus under natural fluctuation and seasonal variations (spring 2013 - 2014). doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.849017, Supplement to:Al-Janabi, Balsam; Kruse, Inken; Graiff, Angelika; Karsten, Ulf; Wahl, Martin (2016): Genotypic variation influences tolerance to warming and acidification of early life-stage Fucus vesiculosus L. (Phaeophyceae) in a seasonally fluctuating environment. Marine Biology, 163(1), doi:10.1007/s00227-015-2804-8
Genetic diversity of baltic F. vesiculosus is low compared to other populations which might jeopardize their potential for adaptation to climate change. Especially the early life-stage F. vesiculosus may be threaten by ocean warming and acidification. To test this, we exposed F. vesiculosus germlings to warming and acidification in the near-natural scenario in the "Kiel Outdoor Benthocosms" maintaining the natural variation of the Kiel Fjord, Germany (54°27 'N, 10°11 'W) in all seasons (spring 2013 - 2014). Warming was simulated by using a delta treatment adding 5 °C and by increasing pCO2 at 1000 µatm.
Warming positively affected germlings' growth in spring and in summer but decreased non-photochemical quenching in spring and survival in summer. Acidified conditions showed much weaker effects than warming. The high genotypic variation in stress sensitivity as well as the enhanced survival at high diversity levels indicate higher potential for adaptation for genetically diverse populations. We conclude that the combination of stressors and season determines the sensitivity to environmental stress and that genetic variation is crucial for the adaptation to climate change stress.
Wahl, Martin; Buchholz, Björn; Golomb, Dar; Guy-Haims, Tamar; Müller, Jens; Rilev, Gil; Winde, Vera; Böttcher, Michael E (2015): Biogenic and environmental fluctuations of temperature and pH in a novel mesocosm concept ("Kiel Outdoor Benthocosms") April 2013 to September 2014. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.842739