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Laakmann, Silke; Kochzius, Marc; Auel, Holger (2009): Station characteristics and copepod fatty alcohol, fatty acid and lipid composition during MSM02/4 in Fram Strait. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Laakmann, S et al. (2009): Ecological niches of Arctic deep-sea copepods: Vertical partitioning, dietary preferences and different trophic levels minimize inter-specific competition. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 56(5), 741-756,

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The biodiversity of pelagic deep-sea ecosystems has received growing scientific interest in the last decade, especially in the framework of international marine biodiversity initiatives, such as Census of Marine Life (CoML). While a growing number of deep-sea zooplankton species has been identified and genetically characterized, little information is available on the mechanisms minimizing inter-specific competition and thus allowing closely related species to co-occur in the deep-sea pelagic realm. Focussing on the two dominant calanoid copepod families Euchaetidae and Aetideidae in Fram Strait, Arctic Ocean, the present study strives to characterize ecological niches of co-occurring species, with regard to vertical distribution, dietary composition as derived from lipid biomarkers, and trophic level on the basis of stable isotope signatures. Closely related species were usually restricted to different depth layers, resulting in a multi-layered vertical distribution pattern. Thus, vertical partitioning was an important mechanism to avoid inter-specific competition. Species occurring in the same depth strata usually belonged to different genera. They differed in fatty acid composition and trophic level, indicating different food preferences. Herbivorous Calanus represent major prey items for many omnivorous and carnivorous species throughout the water column. The seasonal and ontogenetic vertical migration of Calanus acts as a short-cut in food supply for pelagic deep-sea ecosystems in the Arctic.
German Science Foundation (DFG), grant/award no. 5472008: Priority Programme 1158 Antarctic Research with Comparable Investigations in Arctic Sea Ice Areas
Median Latitude: 79.562123 * Median Longitude: 0.258487 * South-bound Latitude: 77.766670 * West-bound Longitude: -7.483330 * North-bound Latitude: 81.366670 * East-bound Longitude: 6.866670
Date/Time Start: 2006-08-21T21:34:00 * Date/Time End: 2006-09-11T15:22:00
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