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Kiko, Rainer; Michels, Jan; Mizdalski, Elke; Schnack-Schiel, Sigrid B; Werner, Iris (2008): Surface characteristics and metazoa occurrence at ice station PS67/006-1 during POLARSTERN cruise ANT-XXII/2 (Nov 2004-Jan 2005). PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Kiko, R et al. (2008): Living conditions, abundance and composition of the metazoan fauna in surface and sub-ice layers in pack ice of the western Weddell Sea during late spring. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 55(8-9), 1000-1014,

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The surface and sub-ice layer habitats and their metazoan fauna were studied on a drifting pack-ice floe in the western Weddell Sea from 29 November 2004 to 1 January 2005 during the "Ice Station POLarstern" (ISPOL). Flooding of the floe occurred at some places, and the establishment of surface layers with a brownish colour due to growing algae was observed at several sampling sites. The average surface-layer temperature, brine salinity and brine volume were -1.4 °C, 25.3 and 54%, respectively. The temperature-salinity relationship in the surface layer was seldom at equilibrium conditions. Chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentrations in the brine varied between 1.0 and 53.5 µg /L. Surface-layer thickness, salinity, Chl a concentration and copepod abundances were generally higher at the edge of the floe than in the inner part. The sympagic copepod species Drescheriella glacialis/racovitzai and Stephos longipes, with abundances ranging between 0 and 3830 ind/L (median: 2 ind/L) and 0 and 1293 ind/L (median: 4 ind/L), respectively, were the dominant members of the surface-layer meiofauna. Their populations consisted mainly of adults and early naupliar stages, which points to an active reproduction of these species within the surface layer. Other taxa found in the surface layer were undetermined turbellarians, the gastropod Tergipes antarcticus, and, for the first time, the ctenophore Callianira antarctica, and the amphipods Eusirus antarcticus and Eusirus tridentatus. During the course of our study, slight melting at the ice underside took place, releasing sympagic organisms to the water column. Chl a concentrations in the sub-ice water layer were very low (0.1-0.5 µg /L), except for 25 December when the Chl a concentration at 0 m depth increased to 2.3 µg /L. The most dominant sympagic copepod species found in the sub-ice layer was Ectinosoma sp., with abundances ranging between 1 and 599 ind/m**3 (median: 25 ind/m**3). Other sympagic copepod species occurring regularly in this habitat were D. glacialis/racovitzai, Diarthrodes cf. lilacinus, Idomene antarctica and S. longipes. All of these sympagic species were generally found in higher abundances at 0 m depth underneath the ice than at 5 m depth, in contrast to pelagic copepod species that occurred more frequently at 5 m depth. Niche separation and probable life-cycle strategies of dominant sympagic metazoans are discussed.
Median Latitude: -67.785050 * Median Longitude: -55.092650 * South-bound Latitude: -68.217400 * West-bound Longitude: -55.404700 * North-bound Latitude: -67.352700 * East-bound Longitude: -54.780600
Date/Time Start: 2004-11-27T15:22:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-01-02T12:06:00
PS67/006-1 * Latitude Start: -68.217400 * Longitude Start: -54.780600 * Latitude End: -67.352700 * Longitude End: -55.404700 * Date/Time Start: 2004-11-27T15:22:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-01-02T12:06:00 * Elevation Start: -2009.0 m * Elevation End: -1406.0 m * Location: Weddell Sea * Campaign: ANT-XXII/2 (PS67 ISPOL) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Ice station (ICE)
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