Sandel, Vera; Kiko, Rainer; Brandt, Peter; Dengler, Marcus; Stemmann, Lars; Vandromme, Pieter; Sommer, Ulrich; Hauss, Helena (2015): Nitrogen fuelling of the pelagic food web of the Tropical Atlantic. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.846966, Supplement to: Sandel, V et al. (2015): Nitrogen Fuelling of the Pelagic Food Web of the Tropical Atlantic. PLoS ONE, 10(6), e0131258, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131258
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We estimated the relative contribution of atmospheric Nitrogen (N) input (wet and dry deposition and N fixation) to the epipelagic food web by measuring N isotopes of different functional groups of epipelagic zooplankton along 23°W (17°N-4°S) and 18°N (20-24°W) in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic. Results were related to water column observations of nutrient distribution and vertical diffusive flux as well as colony abundance of Trichodesmium obtained with an Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP5). The thickness and depth of the nitracline and phosphocline proved to be significant predictors of zooplankton stable N isotope values. Atmospheric N input was highest (61% of total N) in the strongly stratified and oligotrophic region between 3 and 7°N, which featured very high depth-integrated Trichodesmium abundance (up to 9.4×104 colonies m-2), strong thermohaline stratification and low zooplankton delta15N (~2 per mil). Relative atmospheric N input was lowest south of the equatorial upwelling between 3 and 5°S (27%). Values in the Guinea Dome region and north of Cape Verde ranged between 45 and 50%, respectively. The microstructure-derived estimate of the vertical diffusive N flux in the equatorial region was about one order of magnitude higher than in any other area (approximately 8 mmol m-2 d 1). At the same time, this region received considerable atmospheric N input (35% of total). In general, zooplankton delta15N and Trichodesmium abundance were closely correlated, indicating that N fixation is the major source of atmospheric N input. Although Trichodesmium is not the only N fixing organism, its abundance can be used with high confidence to estimate the relative atmospheric N input in the tropical Atlantic (r2 = 0.95). Estimates of absolute N fixation rates are two- to tenfold higher than incubation-derived rates reported for the same regions. Our approach integrates over large spatial and temporal scales and also quantifies fixed N released as dissolved inorganic and organic N. In a global analysis, it may thus help to close the gap in oceanic N budgets.
Brandt, Peter; Bittig, Henry; Didwischus, Sven-Helge; Fu, Yao; Funk, Andreas; Hahn, Johannes; Hauss, Helena; Herrford, Josefine; Kiko, Rainer; Kisjeloff, Boris; Kopte, Robert; Krahmann, Gerd; Martens, Wiebke; Niehus, Gerd; Papenburg, Uwe; Sandel, Vera; Schütte, Florian; Thomsen, Soeren; Vogel, Bendix (2014): Oxygen Minimum Zone of the tropical North Atlantic - Cruise MSM22 - October 24, 2012 - November 23, 2012 - Mindelo (Cape Verde Islands) - Mindelo (Cape Verde Islands). MARIA S. MERIAN-Berichte, DFG-Senatskommission für Ozeanographie, MSM22, 42 pp, https://doi.org/10.2312/cr_msm22
Median Latitude: 10.903648 * Median Longitude: -21.094686 * South-bound Latitude: -5.005700 * West-bound Longitude: -27.000000 * North-bound Latitude: 18.500000 * East-bound Longitude: 23.009400
Date/Time Start: 2012-10-24T18:40:00 * Date/Time End: 2012-11-22T19:18:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Dengler, M (2015): Upper-ocean microstructure data from the tropical Atlantic during Maria S. Merian cruise MSM22. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.846946
- Hauss, H (2015): Hydrochemistry of water samples during Maria S. Merian cruise MSM22. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.842498
- Hauss, H (2015): Zooplankton data during Maria S. Merian cruise MSM22. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.842500
- Kiko, R; Hauss, H; Vandromme, P et al. (2015): Aggregate, phytoplankton and zooplankton abundance measured with an underwater vision profiler 5 (UVP5) during Maria S. Merian cruise MSM22. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.842405
- Krahmann, G (2014): Physical oceanography during Maria S. Merian cruise MSM22. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.834588