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Marcon, Yann; Sahling, Heiko; Borowski, Christian; dos Santos Ferreira, Christian; Thal, Janis; Bohrmann, Gerhard (2013): Geo-referenced photo-mosaics of the Menez Gwen Hydrothermal Vent (Mid-Atlantic Ridge). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.846856, Supplement to: Marcon, Y et al. (2013): Megafaunal distribution and assessment of total methane and sulfide consumption by mussel beds at Menez Gwen hydrothermal vent, based on geo-referenced photomosaics. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 75, 93-109, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2013.01.008

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Abstract:
The Menez Gwen hydrothermal vents, located on the flanks of a small young volcanic structure in the axial valley of the Menez Gwen seamount, are the shallowest known vent systems on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge that host chemosynthetic communities. Although visited several times by research cruises, very few images have been published of the active sites, and their spatial dimensions and morphologies remain difficult to comprehend. We visited the vents on the eastern flank of the small Menez Gwen volcano during cruises with RV Poseidon (POS402, 2010) and RV Meteor (M82/3, 2010), and used new bathymetry and imagery data to provide first detailed information on the extents, surface morphologies, spatial patterns of the hydrothermal discharge and the distribution of dominant megafauna of five active sites. The investigated sites were mostly covered by soft sediments and abundant white precipitates, and bordered by basaltic pillows. The hydrothermally-influenced areas of the sites ranged from 59 to 200 m**2. Geo-referenced photomosaics and video data revealed that the symbiotic mussel Bathymodiolus azoricus was the dominant species and present at all sites. Using literature data on average body sizes and biomasses of Menez Gwen B. azoricus, we estimated that the B. azoricus populations inhabiting the eastern flank sites of the small volcano range between 28,640 and 50,120 individuals with a total biomass of 50 to 380 kg wet weight. Based on modeled rates of chemical consumption by the symbionts, the annual methane and sulfide consumption by B. azoricus could reach 1760 mol CH4 yr**-1 and 11,060 mol H2S yr**-1. We propose that the chemical consumption by B. azoricus over at the Menez Gwen sites is low compared to the natural release of methane and sulfide via venting fluids.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 37.844493 * Median Longitude: -31.519271 * South-bound Latitude: 37.844222 * West-bound Longitude: -31.519639 * North-bound Latitude: 37.844667 * East-bound Longitude: -31.519056
Minimum Elevation: -829.0 m * Maximum Elevation: -813.5 m
Event(s):
Atos_10 * Latitude: 37.844667 * Longitude: -31.519111 * Elevation: -828.0 m * Method/Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
Cage_site * Latitude: 37.844222 * Longitude: -31.519639 * Elevation: -813.5 m * Method/Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
White_flames * Latitude: 37.844528 * Longitude: -31.519056 * Method/Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
Comment:
This dataset contains geo-referenced photo-mosaics of the Menez Gwen hydrothermal vent on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The photo-mosaics were build from images taken with the MARUM ROV Quest 4000 during cruise M82/3 in 2010.
The mosaics are in the Geotiff format. They are geo-referenced and can be directly imported into a Geographic Information System (GIS).
FP7 Marie Curie SENSEnet.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventMarcon, Yann
2File nameFile nameMarcon, Yann
3File sizeFile sizekByteMarcon, Yann
4Uniform resource locator/link to imageURL imageMarcon, YannGeoTiff
5Uniform resource locator/link to thumbnailURL thumbMarcon, Yann
Size:
16 data points

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