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Goldhammer, Tobias; Schwärzle, Andreas; Aiello, Ivano W; Zabel, Matthias (2015): Pore water chemistry of sediment core GeoB15101-7 and water chemistry of CTD casts GeoB15101-1 and GeoB15101-6. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Goldhammer, T et al. (2015): Temporal stability and origin of chemoclines in the deep hypersaline anoxic Urania basin. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(12), 4888-4895,

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Submarine brine lakes feature sharp and persistent concentration gradients between seawater and brine, though these should be smoothed out by free diffusion in open ocean settings. The anoxic Urania basin of the Eastern Mediterranean contains an ultra sulfidic, hypersaline brine of Messinian origin above a thick layer of suspended sediments. With a dual modeling approach we reconstruct its contemporary stratification by geochemical solute transport fundamentals, and show that thermal convection is required to maintain mixing in the brine and mud layer. The origin of the Urania basin stratification was dated to 1650 years before present, which may be linked to a major earthquake in the region. The persistence of the chemoclines may be key to the development of diverse and specialized microbial communities. Ongoing thermal convection in the fluid mud layer may have important, yet unresolved consequences for sedimentological and geochemical processes, also in similar environments.
Median Latitude: 35.231167 * Median Longitude: 21.471722 * South-bound Latitude: 35.231167 * West-bound Longitude: 21.471667 * North-bound Latitude: 35.231167 * East-bound Longitude: 21.471833
Date/Time Start: 2011-02-10T15:41:00 * Date/Time End: 2011-02-11T15:46:00
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