Not logged in
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Fritz, Michael; Opel, Thomas; Tanski, George; Herzschuh, Ulrike; Meyer, Hanno; Eulenburg, Antje; Lantuit, Hugues (2015): Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in Arctic ground ice, from northwest Canada, east Siberia, and Alaska. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Fritz, M et al. (2015): Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in Arctic ground ice. The Cryosphere, 9(2), 737-752,

Always quote citation above when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX CitationShow MapGoogle Earth

Thermal permafrost degradation and coastal erosion in the Arctic remobilize substantial amounts of organic carbon (OC) and nutrients which have accumulated in late Pleistocene and Holocene unconsolidated deposits. Permafrost vulnerability to thaw subsidence, collapsing coastlines and irreversible landscape change are largely due to the presence of large amounts of massive ground ice such as ice wedges. However, ground ice has not, until now, been considered to be a source of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and other elements which are important for ecosystems and carbon cycling. Here we show, using biogeochemical data from a large number of different ice bodies throughout the Arctic, that ice wedges have the greatest potential for DOC storage, with a maximum of 28.6 mg/L (mean: 9.6 mg/L). Variation in DOC concentration is positively correlated with and explained by the concentrations and relative amounts of typically terrestrial cations such as Mg2+ and K+. DOC sequestration into ground ice was more effective during the late Pleistocene than during the Holocene, which can be explained by rapid sediment and OC accumulation, the prevalence of more easily degradable vegetation and immediate incorporation into permafrost. We assume that pristine snowmelt is able to leach considerable amounts of well-preserved and highly bioavailable DOC as well as other elements from surface sediments, which are rapidly frozen and stored in ground ice, especially in ice wedges, even before further degradation. We found that ice wedges in the Yedoma region represent a significant DOC (45.2 Tg) and DIC (33.6 Tg) pool in permafrost areas and a freshwater reservoir of 4200 km**3. This study underlines the need to discriminate between particulate OC and DOC to assess the availability and vulnerability of the permafrost carbon pool for ecosystems and climate feedback upon mobilization.
Median Latitude: 70.403801 * Median Longitude: -172.285792 * South-bound Latitude: 65.030000 * West-bound Longitude: 117.170000 * North-bound Latitude: 73.600000 * East-bound Longitude: -138.318340
Date/Time Start: 2007-08-22T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-08-22T00:00:00
BAR-06-1.23A * Latitude: 71.300000 * Longitude: -156.670000 * Location: Barrow, Northern Alaska * Method/Device: Sampling by hand (HAND)
BAR-06-IW1-29A * Latitude: 71.300000 * Longitude: -156.670000 * Location: Barrow, Northern Alaska * Method/Device: Sampling by hand (HAND)
BAR-06-IW1-34A * Latitude: 71.300000 * Longitude: -156.670000 * Location: Barrow, Northern Alaska * Method/Device: Sampling by hand (HAND)
This study was undertaken in the Helmholtz Young Investigators Group 'COPER' - Coastal permafrost erosion, organic carbon and nutrient release in the Arctic nearshore zone (Helmholtz Association grant no. VH-NG-801 to Hugues Lantuit).
1687 data points

Download Data

Download dataset as tab-delimited text — use the following character encoding:

View dataset as HTML