Not logged in
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Schlüter, Lothar; Lohbeck, Kai T; Gutowska, Magdalena A; Gröger, Joachim P; Riebesell, Ulf; Reusch, Thorsten B H (2015): Long-term dynamics of adaptive evolution in a globally important coccolithophore to ocean acidification. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Schlüter, Lothar; Lohbeck, Kai T; Gröger, Joachim P; Riebesell, Ulf; Reusch, Thorsten B H (2016): Long-term dynamics of adaptive evolution in a globally important phytoplankton species to ocean acidification. Science Advances, 2(7), e1501660-e1501660,

Always quote above citation when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX Citation

Recent evolution experiments have revealed that marine phytoplankton may adapt to global change, for example to ocean warming or acidification. Long-term adaptation to novel environments is a dynamic process and phenotypic change can take place thousands of generations after exposure to novel conditions. Using the longest evolution experiment performed in any marine species to date (4 yrs, = 2100 generations), we show that in the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi, long-term adaptation to ocean acidification is complex and initial phenotypic responses may revert for important traits. While fitness increased continuously, calcification was restored within the first 500 generations but later reduced in response to selection, enhancing physiological declines of calcification in response to ocean acidification. Interestingly, calcification was not constitutively reduced but revealed rates similar to control treatments when transferred back to present-day CO2 conditions. Growth rate increased with time in controls and adaptation treatments, although the effect size of adaptation assessed through reciprocal assay experiments varied. Several trait changes were associated with selection for higher cell division rates under laboratory conditions, such as reduced cell size and lower particulate organic carbon content per cell. Our results show that phytoplankton may evolve phenotypic plasticity that can affect biogeochemically important traits, such as calcification, in an unforeseen way under future ocean conditions.
Date/Time Start: 2010-05-28T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2015-03-08T00:00:00
3 datasets

Download Data

Download ZIP file containing all datasets as tab-delimited text (use the following character encoding: )