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Zhu, Chun; Wakeham, Stuart G; Elling, Felix J; Basse, Andreas; Mollenhauer, Gesine; Versteegh, Gerard J M; Könneke, Martin; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe (2016): Lipid analytic of environmental and cultural samples. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.845385, Supplement to: Zhu, C et al. (2016): Stratification of archaeal membrane lipids in the ocean and implications for adaptation and chemotaxonomy of planktonic archaea. Environmental Microbiology, 18(12), 4324-4336, https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.13289

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Abstract:
Membrane lipids of marine planktonic archaea have provided unique insights into archaeal ecology and paleoceanography. However, past studies of archaeal lipids in suspended particulate matter (SPM) and sediments mainly focused on a small class of fully saturated glycerol dibiphytanyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) homologues identified decades ago. The apparent low structural diversity of GDGTs is in strong contrast to the high diversity of metabolism and taxonomy among planktonic archaea. Furthermore, adaptation of archaeal lipids in the deep ocean remains poorly constrained. We report the archaeal lipidome in SPM from diverse oceanic regimes. We extend the known inventory of planktonic archaeal lipids to include numerous unsaturated archaeal ether lipids (uns-AELs). We further reveal i) different thermal regulations and polar headgroup compositions of membrane lipids between the epipelagic (<= 100 m) and deep (> 100 m) populations of archaea; ii) stratification of unsaturated GDGTs with varying redox conditions; and iii) enrichment of tetra-unsaturated archaeol and fully saturated GDGTs in epipelagic and deep oxygenated waters, respectively. Such stratified lipid patterns are consistent with the typical distribution of archaeal phylotypes in marine environments. We thus provide an ecological context for GDGT-based paleoclimatology and bring about the potential use of uns-AELs as biomarkers for planktonic Euryarchaeota. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 25.337011 * Median Longitude: -64.576289 * South-bound Latitude: 0.017200 * West-bound Longitude: -140.017300 * North-bound Latitude: 49.500000 * East-bound Longitude: 37.500000
Date/Time Start: 1992-02-22T22:30:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-10-31T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 4130 m
Event(s):
CARIACO_Trap_2007_1 * Latitude: 10.500000 * Longitude: -64.670000 * Date/Time Start: 2007-05-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-10-31T00:00:00 * Location: Cariaco Basin * Method/Device: Trap, sediment (TRAPS) * Comment: Mark-VII automated sediment trap
CBi_trap * Latitude: 20.783300 * Longitude: -18.733000 * Location: off Cap Blanc * Method/Device: Trap (TRAP)
CB_Slop_trap * Latitude: 20.616600 * Longitude: -17.983000 * Location: off Cap Blanc * Method/Device: Trap (TRAP)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventZhu, Chun
2CodeCodeZhu, Chun
3InstrumentInstrumentZhu, Chun
4Area/localityAreaZhu, Chun
5CommentCommentZhu, Chun
6OxygenO2µmol/lZhu, Chun
7SiteSiteZhu, Chun
8DEPTH, waterDepth watermZhu, ChunGeocode
9VolumeVollZhu, Chun
10SalinitySalZhu, Chun
11Temperature, waterTemp°CZhu, Chun
12Acyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT-0 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
13Monocyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT-1 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
14Dicyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT-2 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
15Tricyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT-3 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
16Crenarchaeol isomer (peak area)GDGT-5 iso peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
17Crenarchaeol (peak area)GDGT-5 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
18Octaunsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT0:8 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
19Heptaunsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT0:7 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
20Hexaunsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT0:6 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
21Pentaunsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT0:5 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
22Tetraunsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT0:4 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
23Triunsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT0:3 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
24Diunsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT0:2 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
25Monounsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)GDGT0:1 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
26Monoglycosyl acyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)1G-GDGT0 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
27Monoglycosyl monocyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)1G-GDGT1 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
28Monoglycosyl dicyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)1G-GDGT2 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
29Monoglycosyl tricyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)1G-GDGT3 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
30Monoglycosyl tetracyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)1G-GDGT4 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
31Monoglycosyl crenarchaeol isomer (peak area)1G-GDGT5 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
32Monoglycosyl crenarchaeol (peak area)1G-GDGT5 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
33Monoglycosyl monohydroxylated acyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)1G-OH-GDGT0 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
34Monoglycosyl monohydroxylated monocyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)1G-OH-GDGT1 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
35Monoglycosyl monohydroxylated dicyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)1G-OH-GDGT2 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
36Diglycosyl acyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)2G-GDGT0 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
37Diglycosyl monocyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)2G-GDGT1 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
38Diglycosyl dicyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)2G-GDGT2 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
39Diglycosyl tricyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)2G-GDGT3 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
40Diglycosyl tetracyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)2G-GDGT4 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
41Diglycosyl crenarchaeol isomer (peak area)2G-GDGT5 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
42Diglycosyl crenarchaeol (peak area)2G-GDGT5 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
43Monoglycosyl dihydroxylated acyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)2G-OH-GDGT0 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
44Monoglycosyl dihydroxylated monocyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)2G-OH-GDGT1 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
45Monoglycosyl dihydroxylated dicyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)2G-OH-GDGT2 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
46Hexosephosphohexose acyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)HPH-GDGT0 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
47Hexosephosphohexose monocyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)HPH-GDGT1 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
48Hexosephosphohexose dicyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)HPH-GDGT2 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
49Hexosephosphohexose crenarchaeol (peak area)HPH-GDGT5 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
50Monohydroxylated acyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)OH-GDGT0 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
51Monohydroxylated monocyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)OH-GDGT1 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
52Monohydroxylated dicyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (peak area)OH-GDGT2 peak areaZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
53Octaunsaturated archaeol (peak area)AR0:8Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
54Heptaunsaturated archaeol (peak area)AR0:7Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
55Hexaunsaturated archaeol (peak area)AR0:6Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
56Pentaunsaturated archaeol (peak area)AR0:5Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
57Tetraunsaturated archaeol isomer (peak area)AR0:4'Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
58Tetraunsaturated archaeol (peak area)AR0:4Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
59Triunsaturated archaeol isomer (peak area)AR0:3'Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
60Triunsaturated archaeol (peak area)AR0:3Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
61Diunsaturated archaeol isomer (peak area)AR0:2'Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
62Diunsaturated archaeol (peak area)AR0:2Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
63Monounsaturated archaeol (peak area)AR0:1Zhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
64Archaeol (peak area)ARZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
65sn-2 monohydroxylated archaeol (peak area)sn2-OH-ARZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
66sn-3 monohydroxylated archaeol (peak area)sn3-OH-ARZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
67Monoglycosyl glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, total1G-GDGTsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
68Monoglycosyl monohydroxylated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, total1G-OH-GDGTsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
69Hexosephosphohexose glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, totalHPH-GDGTsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
70Diglycosyl glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, total2G-GDGTsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
71Diglycosyl monohydroxylated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, total2G-OH-GDGTsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
72Intact polar lipids, totaltotal IPLsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
73Glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, totalGDGTsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
74Acyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraetherGDGT-0ng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
75Mono, di, tricyclic glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersGDGT1-3ng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
76CrenarchaeolGDGT-5ng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
77Crenarchaeol regio-isomerGDGT-5 reg-isong/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
78Hydroxylated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, totalOH-GDGTsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
79Unsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, totalUns-GDGTsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
80ArchaeolARng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
81Unsaturated archaeol, totaluns-ARng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
82tetraunsaturated archaeol, totaluns-AR0:4ng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
83HydroxyarchaeolsOH-ARng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
84Core lipids, totaltotal CLsng/lZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
85Unsaturation index of unsaturated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersUI of uns-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
86Unsaturation index of unsaturated archaeolsUI of uns-ARsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
87Tetraether index of 86 carbon atoms of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersTEX86 of GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
88Tetraether index of 86 carbon atoms of monoglycosyl glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersTEX86 of 1G-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
89Tetraether index of 86 carbon atoms of diglycosyl glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersTEX86 of 2G-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
90Tetraether index of 86 carbon atoms of hexosephosphohexose glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersTEX86 of HPH-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
91Ring index of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersRI GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
92Ring index of hydroxylated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersRI OH-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
93Ring index of monoglycosyl glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersRI 1G-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
94Ring index of diglycosyl glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersRI 2G-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
95Ring index of hexosephosphohexose glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersRI HPH-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
96Ring index of diglycosyl monohydroxylated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersRI 2G-OH-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
97Ring index of monoglycosyl monohydroxylated glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethersRI 1G-OH-GDGTsZhu, ChunLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
Size:
9851 data points

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