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Meyer, Hanno; Opel, Thomas; Laepple, Thomas; Dereviagin, Alexander Yu; Hoffmann, Kirstin; Werner, Martin (2015): (Table S1) Radiocarbon dates of organic matter from Lena Delta ice wedges. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Meyer, H et al. (2015): Long-term winter warming trend in the Siberian Arctic during the mid- to late Holocene. Nature Geoscience, 8(2), 122-125,

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Relative to the past 2,000 years, the Arctic region has warmed significantly over the past few decades. However, the evolution of Arctic temperatures during the rest of the Holocene is less clear. Proxy reconstructions, suggest a long-term cooling trend throughout the mid- to late Holocene, whereas climate model simulations show only minor changes or even warming. Here we present a record of the oxygen isotope composition of permafrost ice wedges from the Lena River Delta in the Siberian Arctic. The isotope values, which reflect winter season temperatures, became progressively more enriched over the past 7,000 years, reaching unprecedented levels in the past five decades. This warming trend during the mid- to late Holocene is in opposition to the cooling seen in other proxy records. However, most of these existing proxy records are biased towards summer temperatures. We argue that the opposing trends are related to the seasonally different orbital forcing over this interval. Furthermore, our reconstructed trend as well as the recent maximum are consistent with the greenhouse gas forcing and climate model simulations, thus reconciling differing estimates of Arctic and northern high-latitude temperature evolution during the Holocene.
Latitude: 72.376480 * Longitude: 126.489230
Samoylov_Island * Latitude: 72.376480 * Longitude: 126.489230 * Elevation: 8.0 m * Location: Samoylov Island, Lena Delta, Siberia * Method/Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
The study area is situated in the central part of the Lena River Delta (72°00'-72°45'N and 125°00'-127°15'E) in Northern Siberia. In this area two (out of three) river terraces were sampled:
(1) the first Lena River terrace comprising the active part of the delta, which was formed from mid Holocene to present.
(2) the third Lena River terrace, where the work focused on Holocene cover deposits above the Ice Complex with a height of ca. 25 m.
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
2Sample IDSample IDMeyer, Hanno
3SiteSiteMeyer, HannoIce wedge site
4Sample code/labelSample labelMeyer, Hanno
5Age, datedAge datedkaMeyer, HannoAge, 14C AMSb2K = 2000 AD
6Age, dated standard deviationAge dated std dev±Meyer, Hanno
7Age, datedAge datedkaMeyer, HannoAge, 14C calibrated, IntCal13 (Reimer et al., 2013)b2K = 2000 AD; Calibrated age midpoint of the highest posterior density (hpd)
8Age, dated standard deviationAge dated std dev±Meyer, Hanno
9ProbabilityProb%Meyer, HannoCalculated
10δ18Oδ18OMeyer, HannoMass spectrometer Finnigan Delta-SVSMOW; d18O values marked with # have been excluded from the stacked isotope record
11Lithologic unit/sequenceUnitMeyer, Hanno
12Age, dated materialDated materialMeyer, Hanno
460 data points

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