Gibbons, Fern T; Oppo, Delia W; Mohtadi, Mahyar; Rosenthal, Yair; Cheng, Jun; Liu, Zhengyu; Linsley, Braddock K (2014): Planktic foraminiferal Mg/Ca and oxygen isotopes, plus estimated δ¹⁸Oseawater and ice volume corrected d18Oseawater for the past 35000 years of sediment core GeoB10069-3. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.839414, Supplement to: Gibbons, FT et al. (2014): Deglacial d18O and hydrologic variability in the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 387, 240-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.11.032
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Evidence from geologic archives suggests that there were large changes in the tropical hydrologic cycle associated with the two prominent northern hemisphere deglacial cooling events, Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1; ~19 to 15 kyr BP; kyr BP = 1000 yr before present) and the Younger Dryas (~12.9 to 11.7 kyr BP). These hydrologic shifts have been alternatively attributed to high and low latitude origin. Here, we present a new record of hydrologic variability based on planktic foraminifera-derived d18O of seawater (d18Osw) estimates from a sediment core from the tropical Eastern Indian Ocean, and using 12 additional d18Osw records, construct a single record of the dominant mode of tropical Eastern Equatorial Pacific and Indo-Pacific Warm Pool (IPWP) hydrologic variability. We show that deglacial hydrologic shifts parallel variations in the reconstructed interhemispheric temperature gradient, suggesting a strong response to variations in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and the attendant heat redistribution. A transient model simulation of the last deglaciation suggests that hydrologic changes, including a southward shift in the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) which likely occurred during these northern hemisphere cold events, coupled with oceanic advection and mixing, resulted in increased salinity in the Indonesian region of the IPWP and the eastern tropical Pacific, which is recorded by the d18Osw proxy. Based on our observations and modeling results we suggest the interhemispheric temperature gradient directly controls the tropical hydrologic cycle on these time scales, which in turn mediates poleward atmospheric heat transport.
Source data set:
Median Latitude: -4.813537 * Median Longitude: 139.675818 * South-bound Latitude: -13.082500 * West-bound Longitude: 100.128000 * North-bound Latitude: 8.786000 * East-bound Longitude: -83.608300
Date/Time Start: 1965-03-18T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-09-07T10:14:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Gibbons, FT; Oppo, DW; Mohtadi, M et al. (2014): Loadings for the principal components of sediment cores from the Indo-Pacific and Eastern Equatorial Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.839411
- Gibbons, FT; Oppo, DW; Mohtadi, M et al. (2014): Mg/Ca measurement and oxygen isotope ratios of sediment core GeoB10069-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.839404
- Gibbons, FT; Oppo, DW; Mohtadi, M et al. (2014): Principal component analysis of sediment core GeoB10069-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.839412
- Gibbons, FT; Oppo, DW; Mohtadi, M et al. (2014): Radiocarbon dates and their calendar age conversions for sediment cores from the Indo-Pacific and Eastern Equatorial Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.839281