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Duguay, Claude R; Soliman, Aiman; Hachem, Sonia; Saunders, William (2014): Circumpolar and regional Land Surface Temperature (Version 2) with links to geotiff images (2007-01 to 2013-12). University of Waterloo, Canada, PANGAEA,

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Further details:
Hachem, Sonia; Allard, Michel; Duguay, Claude R (2009): Using the MODIS land surface temperature product for mapping permafrost: an application to northern Québec and Labrador, Canada. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 20(4), 407-416,
Hachem, Sonia; Duguay, Claude R; Allard, Michel (2011): Comparison of MODIS-derived land surface temperatures with near-surface soil and air temperature measurements in continuous permafrost terrain. The Cryosphere Discussion, 5, 1583-1625,
Langer, Moritz; Westermann, Sebastian; Boike, Julia (2010): Spatial and temporal variations of summer surface temperatures of wet polygonal tundra in Siberia - implications for MODIS LST based permafrost monitoring. Remote Sensing of Environment, 114(9), 2059-2069,
Soliman, Aiman; Duguay, Claude R; Saunders, William; Hachem, Sonia (2012): Pan-Arctic Land Surface Temperature from MODIS and AATSR: Product Development and Intercomparison. Remote Sensing, 4(12), 3833-3856,
Westermann, Sebastian; Langer, Moritz; Boike, Julia (2012): Systematic bias of average winter-time land surface temperatures inferred from MODIS at a site on Svalbard, Norway. Remote Sensing of Environment, 118, 162-167,
Median Latitude: 67.558333 * Median Longitude: 151.600000 * South-bound Latitude: 61.700000 * West-bound Longitude: 78.500000 * North-bound Latitude: 73.000000 * East-bound Longitude: -128.500000
DUEPermafrost_Alaska * Latitude: 69.600000 * Longitude: -148.600000 * Device: Satellite remote sensing (SAT) * Comment: position describes the center of area
DUEPermafrost_Central_Yakutia * Latitude: 61.700000 * Longitude: 130.800000 * Device: Satellite remote sensing (SAT) * Comment: position describes the center of area
DUEPermafrost_Laptev_Sea * Latitude: 71.250000 * Longitude: 131.000000 * Device: Satellite remote sensing (SAT) * Comment: position describes the center of area
This dataset is part of the ESA Data User Element (DUE) Permafrost Full Product Set (doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.780111).
The Land Surface Temperature (LST) products and services identified by users for the pan-Arctic (25 km resolution) scales include weekly and monthly averages from 2000 to 2010 from which annual averages can also be calculated. The LST processing integrates the LST level 2 products from MODIS and AATSR distributed by NASA and ESA, respectively. Post-processing functions supply University Waterloo-level-3 weekly and monthly LST products for regional (1 km) and pan-Arctic (25 km) scales. Thepan-Arctic product, with a spatial resolution of 25 km, is produced by spatial averaging of 1-km observations.
MOD11_L2 and MYD11_L2 LST (Version 5 from NASA Terra and Aqua satellites) and ATS_NR_2P (from ESA Envisat satellite) products at 1 km resolution are used as input data to generate pan-Arctic and regional products. The original geo-located LST observations are characterized by an irregular distribution based on the satellite orbits. The Northern Hemisphere EASE-Grid Lambert Equal Area Azimuthal projection with a sphere datum (with a radius of 6371.228 km) was selected as the standard projection for the operational pan-Arctic and regional products. Original MODIS and AATSR LST level 2 observations are projected using the EASE-Grid coordinate system and interpolated to a regular EASE-Grid with 1 km spacing using triangulation. The EASE-Grid projection was chosen since this is the system adopted by the GlobSnow project and for most snow and ice products distributed by NSIDC. Local time is calculated using UTC acquisition time and longitude. UTC is extracted from ADS information for AATSR data and from the file name of MODIS level 2 (Terra and Aqua) products, yielding a temporal accuracy of ± 15 minutes, which is found to be sufficient for weekly and monthly products.
Temporal aggregation is applied to both 1 km and 25 km data to produce weekly and monthly LST averages. Interpolated LST observations on a 1 km grid (regional product) and 25 km (pan-Arctic product) are aggregated into two bins; a day-time bin (from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. local time) and a night-time bin (6 p.m. to 6 a.m. of the next day) within the aggregation period (week or month). The definition of day and night does not take in account the notion of polar darkness and does not consider the seasonal changes of day length. It was defined to force final products to have an equal number of observations around the day. A mid range average is calculated by taking the day-time and night-time average to avoid daily diurnal fluctuations during the week or month of interest.
Known issues: the LST data are all measured during clear-sky conditions. The influence of clouds on surface temperature (e.g. temperature warmer under clouds in winter) is not reflected in the LSTs. This makes the LST colder than in reality due to the isolative effect of clouds.
Each LST file contains 6 bands: the datafiles 001 to 006, bands 001, 003, 005 are the LST averages and bands 002, 004, 006 are supplementary quality information:
Bands with averages of LST:
001 - Weekly or monthly aggregated average LST product based on equal weight of average day-time (003) and night-time (005) LST values.
003 - Average day-time weekly or monthly LST based on all cloud free observations falling during 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. local time.
005 - Average night-time weekly or monthly LST based on all cloud free observations falling into each pixel cell during 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. local time.
Supplementary information bands:
002 - Number of LST cloud free observations falling into each pixel for the aggregation (weekly or monthly) period. Associated with LST file 001.
004 - Number of LST cloud free observations during day-time (6 a.m. to 6 p.m. local time) falling into each pixel. Associated with LST file 003.
006 - Number of LST cloud free observations during night-time (6 p.m. to 6 a.m. local time) falling into each pixel. Associated with LST file 005.
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEvent
2Date/time startDate/time startDuguay, Claude R
3Date/time endDate/time endDuguay, Claude R
4Uniform resource locator/link to fileURL fileDuguay, Claude RGeoTIFF, zipped
5File contentContentDuguay, Claude R
6File sizeFile sizekByteDuguay, Claude R
450 data points

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