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Picheral, Marc; Searson, Sarah; Taillandier, Vincent; Bricaud, Annick; Boss, Emmanuel; Stemmann, Lars; Gorsky, Gabriel; Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; Tara Oceans Expedition, Participants (2014): Vertical profiles of environmental parameters measured from physical, optical and imaging sensors during station TARA_025 of the Tara Oceans expedition 2009-2013. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.836349

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Abstract:
The Tara Oceans Expedition (2009-2013) sampled the world oceans on board a 36 m long schooner, collecting environmental data and organisms from viruses to planktonic metazoans for later analyses using modern sequencing and state-of-the-art imaging technologies. Tara Oceans Data are particularly suited to study the genetic, morphological and functional diversity of plankton. The present data set includes properties of seawater, particulate matter and dissolved matter from physical, optical and imaging sensors mounted on a vertical sampling system (Rosette) used during the 2009-2013 tara Oceans Expedition. It comprised 2 pairs of conductivity and temperature sensors (SEABIRD components), and a complete set of WEtLabs optical sensors, including chrorophyll and CDOM fluorometers, a 25 cm transmissiometer, and a one-wavelength backscatter meter. In addition, a SATLANTIC ISUS nitrate sensor and a Hydroptic Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP) were mounted on the rosette. In the Arctic Ocean and Arctic Seas (2013), a second oxygen sensor (SBE43) and a four frequency Aquascat acoustic profiler were added. The system was powered on specific Li-Ion batteries and data were self-recorded at 24HZ. Sensors have all been factory calibrated before, during and after the four year program. Oxygen was validated using climatologies (WOA09). Nitrate and Fluorescence data were adjusted with discrete measurements from Niskin bottles mounted on the Rosette, and optical darks were performed monthly on board. A total of 839 quality checked vertical profiles were made during the tara Oceans expedition 2009-2013.
Related to:
Pesant, Stephane; Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; et al. (in prep.): Methodological and environmental context of Tara Oceans samples. Scientific Data
Picheral, Marc; et al. (in prep.): Tara Oceans Data: Properties of seawater and particulate & dissolved matter from physical, optical and imaging sensors mounted on the vertical profile sampling system. Scientific Data
Other version:
Picheral, Marc; Searson, Sarah; Taillandier, Vincent; Bricaud, Annick; Boss, Emmanuel; Stemmann, Lars; Gorsky, Gabriel; Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; Tara Oceans Expedition, Participants (2014): Vertical profiles of environmental parameters measured from physical, optical and imaging sensors during Tara Oceans expedition 2009-2013. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321
Project(s):
Fondation Tara Expeditions (FondTara)
Tara Oceans Expedition (TOE-2009-2013)
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 39.386250 * Median Longitude: 19.392000 * South-bound Latitude: 39.384800 * West-bound Longitude: 19.391000 * North-bound Latitude: 39.387700 * East-bound Longitude: 19.393000
Date/Time Start: 2009-11-23T09:14:21 * Date/Time End: 2009-11-23T09:31:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 2.8600 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 210.9240 m
Event(s):
TARA_20091123T0916Z_025_EVENT_CAST * Latitude Start: 39.387700 * Longitude Start: 19.391000 * Latitude End: 39.384800 * Longitude End: 19.393000 * Date/Time Start: 2009-11-23T09:14:21 * Date/Time End: 2009-11-23T09:31:00 * Campaign: TARA_20091122Z (Dubrovnik to Athens, Stations: TARA_025-026) * Basis: SV Tara * Device: Rosette Vertical Sampling System ([RVSS]) * Comment: Device: equipped with [SENSORS] SEABIRD components, WETLabs optical sensors, HYDROPTIC Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP), SATLANTIC In Situ Ultraviolet Spectrophotometer nitrate sensor (ISUS) and [NISKIN] 10 Niskin bottles (6 x 8-L and 4 x 12-L) equipped with silicon and Teflon parts] [Engineer: All good!]
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEvent
2Optional event labelEvent 2
3Campaign of eventCampaign
4Basis of eventBasis
5Station labelStationMetadata
6Device of eventDevice
7URI of eventURI
8Comment of eventComment
9File nameFile namePicheral, Marcof source CTD file
10Date/Time of eventDate/Time
11Latitude of eventLatitude
12Longitude of eventLongitude
13DEPTH, waterDepth watermGeocode
14Pressure, waterPressdbarPicheral, Marcderived from CTD, SEA-BIRDcalibrated using factors provided by the sensor manufacturer
15Temperature, waterTemp°CPicheral, Marcderived from CTD, SEA-BIRDcalibrated using factors provided by the sensor manufacturer
16ConductivityCondmS/cmPicheral, Marcderived from CTD, SEA-BIRDcalibrated using factors provided by the sensor manufacturer
17SalinitySalPicheral, Marcderived from CTD, SEA-BIRDcalibrated using factors provided by the sensor manufacturer
18Temperature, water, potentialTpot°CPicheral, Marcderived from CTD, SEA-BIRDcalibrated using factors provided by the sensor manufacturer
19Density, sigma-theta (0)Sigma-thetakg/m3Picheral, Marcderived from CTD, SEA-BIRDcalibrated using factors provided by the sensor manufacturer
20OxygenOXYGENµmol/kgPicheral, Marcderived from SBE43 oxygen sensorfactory calibration
21OxygenOXYGENµmol/kgPicheral, Marcderived from SBE43 oxygen sensorcalibrated using the WOA09 climatology
22Chlorophyll aChl amg/m3Picheral, Marcderived from chlorophyll fluorescence sensor, WET Labscalibrated using a scale factor provided by the sensor manufacturer
23Chlorophyll aChl amg/m3Picheral, Marcderived from chlorophyll fluorescence sensor, WET Labscalibrated using HPLC measurements of chlorophyll a from concurrent water sampling
24Angular scattering coefficient, 470 nmbeta470m/srBricaud, Annickat 117 degrees with respect to the incident beamincludes backscattering by particulate and dissolved matter and water molecules
25Angular scattering coefficient, 470 nmbeta470m/srBricaud, Annickat 117 degrees with respect to the incident beam
26Angular scattering coefficient, 470 nmbeta470m/srBricaud, Annickat 117 degrees with respect to the incident beamin situ dark
27Optical backscattering coefficient, 470 nmbb4701/mBricaud, Annickintegrated over the angular domain 90-180 degreeincludes backscattering by particulate and dissolved matter and water molecules
28Backscattering coefficient of particles, 470 nmbbp4701/mBricaud, Annickintegrated over the angular domain 90-180 degree
29Fluorescence, colored dissolved organic matterfCDOMppb (QSE)Bricaud, Annickexpressed in ppb QSE (i.e. fluorescence emitted by 1 ppb of quinine sulfate diluted in 0.05 M sulfuric acid)
30Optical beam attenuation coefficient, 660 nmbac6601/mBricaud, Annickincludes attenuation by particulate and dissolved matter and water molecules
31Beam attenuation coefficient of particlesbacp6601/mBricaud, Annickcorrected for temperature drift of the sensor, using c(660) values at depth (assumed to be close to the attenuation coefficient of pure seawater)
32Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.06-0.53 mm
33Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.53-1.06 mm
34Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 1.06-2.66 mm
35Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.06-2.66 mm
36Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.06-0.53 mm
37Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.53-1.06 mm
38Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 1.06-2.66 mm
39Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.06-2.66 mm
40Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.06-0.07 mm
41Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.09-0.11 mm
42Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.14-0.17 mm
43Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.17-0.21 mm
44Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.21-0.27 mm
45Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.27-0.34 mm
46Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.34-0.42 mm
47Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.42-0.53 mm
48Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.53-0.67 mm
49Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.67-0.84 mm
50Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.84-1.06 mm
51Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 1.06-1.33 mm
52Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 1.33-1.68 mm
53Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 1.68-2.11 mm
54Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 2.11-2.66 mm
55Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 2.66-3.35 mm
56Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 3.35-4.22 mm
57Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 4.22-5.32 mm
58Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 5.32-6.7 mm
59Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 6.7-8.44 mm
60Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 8.44-10.64 mm
61Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 10.64-13.4 mm
62Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 13.4-16.88 mm
63Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 16.88-21.27 mm
64Particle concentration, fractionatedPart conc frac#/lStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 21.27-26.79 mm
65Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.06-0.07 mm
66Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.09-0.11 mm
67Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.14-0.17 mm
68Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.17-0.21 mm
69Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.21-0.27 mm
70Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.27-0.34 mm
71Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.34-0.42 mm
72Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.42-0.53 mm
73Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.53-0.67 mm
74Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.67-0.84 mm
75Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 0.84-1.06 mm
76Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 1.06-1.33 mm
77Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 1.33-1.68 mm
78Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 1.68-2.11 mm
79Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 2.11-2.66 mm
80Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 2.66-3.35 mm
81Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 3.35-4.22 mm
82Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 4.22-5.32 mm
83Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 5.32-6.7 mm
84Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 6.7-8.44 mm
85Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 8.44-10.64 mm
86Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 10.64-13.4 mm
87Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 13.4-16.88 mm
88Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 16.88-21.27 mm
89Particle volume, fractionatedPart vol fracmg/kgStemmann, LarsUnderwater vision profiler, UVPESD: 21.27-26.79 mm
Size:
6578 data points

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