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Kasper, Sebastian; van der Meer, Marcel T J; Castañeda, Isla S; Tjallingii, Rik; Brummer, Geert-Jan A; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S; Schouten, Stefan (2014): delta Deuterium of alkenone and BIT index of sediment core 64PE304-80 samples [dataset]. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Kasper, S et al. (2015): Testing alkenone D/H ratio as a paleo indicator of sea surface salinity in a coastal ocean margin (Mozambique Channel). Organic Geochemistry, 78, 62-68,

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Reconstructing past ocean salinity is important for assessing paleoceanographic change and therefore past climatic dynamics. Commonly, sea water salinity reconstruction is based on foraminifera oxygen isotope ratio values combined with sea surface temperature reconstruction. However, the approach relies on multiple proxies, resulting in relatively large uncertainty and, consequently, relatively low accuracy of salinity estimates. An alternative tool for past ocean salinity reconstruction is the hydrogen isotope composition of long chain (C37) alkenones (dDalkenone). Here, we applied dDalkenone to a 39 ka long coastal sediment record from the Eastern South African continental shelf in the Mozambique Channel, close to the Zambezi River mouth. Despite changes in global sea water dD related to glacial - interglacial ice volume effects, no clear changes were observed in the dDalkenone record throughout the entire 39 ka. The BIT index record from the same core showed high BIT values during the glacial and low values during the Holocene. This indicates a more pronounced freshwater influence at the core location during the glacial, resulting in alkenones depleted in deuterium during that time and, thereby, explains the lack of a clear glacial-interglacial alkenone dD shift. Correlation between the BIT index and dDalkenone during the glacial period suggests that increased continental runoff potentially changed the growth conditions of the alkenone producing haptophytes, promoting coastal haptophyte species with generally more enriched dDalkenone values. We therefore suggest that the application of dDalkenone for reconstructing past salinity in coastal settings may be complicated by changes in the alkenone producing haptophyte community.
Latitude: -18.240730 * Longitude: 37.869080
Date/Time Start: 2009-03-28T06:56:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-03-28T06:56:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.010 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 11.440 m
64PE304-80 * Latitude: -18.240730 * Longitude: 37.869080 * Date/Time: 2009-03-28T06:56:00 * Elevation: -1329.0 m * Location: South-East African margin * Campaign: 64PE304 (INATEX-GEO) * Basis: Pelagia * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC)
591 data points

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