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Hoppmann, Mario; Nicolaus, Marcel; Hunkeler, Priska A; König-Langlo, Gert (2015): Field measurements of the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice and sub-ice platelet layer at Atka Bay in 2013. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.833978, Supplement to: Hoppmann, Mario; Nicolaus, Marcel; Hunkeler, Priska A; Heil, Petra; Behrens, Lisa K; König-Langlo, Gert; Gerdes, Rüdiger (2015): Seasonal evolution of an ice-shelf influenced fast-ice regime, derived from an autonomous thermistor chain. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(3), 1703-1724, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010327

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Abstract:
Ice shelves strongly interact with coastal Antarctic sea ice and the associated ecosystem by creating conditions favourable to the formation of a sub-ice platelet layer. The close investigation of this phenomenon and its seasonal evolution remain a challenge due to logistical constraints and a lack of suitable methodology. In this study, we characterize the seasonal cycle of Antarctic fast ice adjacent to the Ekström Ice Shelf in the eastern Weddell Sea. We used a thermistor chain with the additional ability to record the temperature response induced by cyclic heating of resistors embedded in the chain. Vertical sea-ice temperature and heating profiles obtained daily between November 2012 and February 2014 were analyzed to determine sea-ice and snow evolution, and to calculate the basal energy budget. The residual heat flux translated into an ice-volume fraction in the platelet layer of 0.18 ± 0.09, which we reproduced by a independent model simulation and agrees with earlier results. Manual drillings revealed an average annual platelet-layer thickness increase of at least 4m, and an annual maximum thickness of 10m beneath second-year sea ice. The oceanic contribution dominated the total sea-ice production during the study, effectively accounting for up to 70% of second-year sea-ice growth. In summer, an oceanic heat flux of 21 W/m**2 led to a partial thinning of the platelet layer. Our results further show that the active heating method, in contrast to the acoustic sounding approach, is well suited to derive the fast-ice mass balance in regions influenced by ocean/ice-shelf interaction, as it allows sub-diurnal monitoring of the platelet-layer thickness.
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Coverage:
Median Latitude: -70.599511 * Median Longitude: -8.066127 * South-bound Latitude: -70.650000 * West-bound Longitude: -8.250000 * North-bound Latitude: -70.575220 * East-bound Longitude: -7.482580
Date/Time Start: 1992-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2014-02-09T21:06:00
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