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Dubinenkov, Ivan; Flerus, Ruth; Schmitt-Kopplin, Philippe; Kattner, Gerhard; Koch, Boris P (2014): Dissolved organic matter in the Lena Delta in 2009. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.831765,
Supplement to: Dubinenkov, I et al. (2014): Origin-specific molecular signatures of dissolved organic matter in the Lena Delta. Biogeochemistry, 123(1-2), 1-14, doi:10.1007/s10533-014-0049-0

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Abstract:
Large Arctic rivers discharge significant amounts of dissolved organic matter (DOM) into the Arctic Ocean. We sampled natural waters of the Lena River, the Buor-Khaya Bay (Laptev Sea), permafrost melt water creeks, ice complex melt water creeks and a lake. The goal of this study was to characterize the molecular DOM composition with respect to different water bodies within the Lena Delta. We aimed at an identification of source-specific DOM molecular markers and their relative contribution to DOM of different origin. The molecular characterization was performed for solid-phase extracted DOM by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). Average dissolved organic carbon concentrations in the original samples were 490±75 µmol C/L for riverine and bay samples and 399±115 µmol C/L for permafrost melt water creeks. Average TDN concentrations were elevated in the permafrost melt waters (19.7±7.1 µmol N/L) in comparison to the river and the bay (both 13.2±2.6 µmol N/L). FT-ICR MS and statistical tools demonstrated that the origin of DOM in the Lena Delta was systematically reflected in its molecular composition. Magnitude weighted parameters calculated from MS data (O/Cwa, H/Cwa, C/Nwa) highlighted preliminary sample discrimination. The highest H/Cwa of 1.315 was found for DOM in melt water creeks in comparison to 1.281 for river and 1.230 for the bay samples. In the bay samples we observed a higher fraction of oxygen-rich components which was reflected in an O/Cwa ratio of 0.445 in comparison to 0.425 and 0.427 in the river and creeks, respectively. From the southernmost location to the bay a relative depletion of nitrogenous molecular markers and an enrichment of oxidized DOM components occurred. The highest contribution of nitrogenous components was indicative for creeks reflected in a C/Nwa of 104 in comparison to 143 and 176 in the river and bay, respectively. These observations were studied on a molecular formula level using principal component and indicator value analyses. The results showed systematic differences with respect to water origin and constitute an important basis for a better mechanistic understanding of DOM transformations in the changing Arctic rivers.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 72.239065 * Median Longitude: 127.359588 * South-bound Latitude: 71.575000 * West-bound Longitude: 125.285580 * North-bound Latitude: 72.700220 * East-bound Longitude: 130.290000
Date/Time Start: 2009-08-14T11:30:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-08-23T15:50:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 12 m
Event(s):
LenaDelta2009 * Latitude: 72.351000 * Longitude: 127.775000 * Date/Time Start: 2009-08-14T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-08-23T00:00:00 * Location: Lena Delta, Siberia, Russia * Campaign: Lena2009 * Basis: Sampling on land * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Sample IDSample ID
2DATE/TIMEDate/TimeGeocode
3Location typeLoc type
4LATITUDELatitudeGeocode
5LONGITUDELongitudeGeocode
6Depth, bathymetricBathy depthm
7DEPTH, waterDepth watermGeocode
8Carbon, organic, dissolvedDOCµmol/lKattner, GerhardHigh temperature catalytic oxidation
9Nitrogen, total dissolvedTDNµmol/lKattner, GerhardHigh temperature catalytic oxidation
Size:
391 data points

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