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Williams, Carlie; Flower, Benjamin P; Hastings, D; Guilderson, Thomas P; Quinn, Kelly A; Goddard, Ethan A (2010): (Table S1) Age determination of sediment core MD02-2550C2. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.831136, Supplement to: Williams, C et al. (2010): Deglacial abrupt climate change in the Atlantic Warm Pool: A Gulf of Mexico perspective. Paleoceanography, 115(4), PA4221, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010PA001928

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Abstract:
During the last deglaciation, Greenland ice core and North Atlantic sediment records exhibit multiple abrupt climate events including the Younger Dryas cold episode (12.9-11.7 ka). However, evidence for the presence of the Younger Dryas in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) and the relationship between GOM sea surface temperature (SST) and high-latitude climate change is less clear. We present new Mg/Ca-SST records from two varieties of the planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides ruber (white and pink) to assess northern GOM SST history from approximately 18.4-10.8 ka. Thirty-five accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14C dates from Orca Basin core MD02-2550 provide excellent age control and document high sedimentation rates (~40 cm/kyr). G. ruber (white and pink) Mg/Ca-SST data exhibit increases (~4.6 ± 0.6°C and ~2.2 ± 0.5°C, respectively) from at least 17.8-16.6 ka, with nearly decadal resolution that are early relative to the onset of the Bolling-Allerod interstadial. Moreover, G. ruber (white) SST decreases at 16.0-14.7 ka (~1.0 ± 0.5°C) and 12.8-11.6 ka (~2.4 ± 0.6°C) correlate to the Oldest and Younger Dryas in Greenland and Cariaco Basin. The G. ruber (pink) SST record, which reflects differences in seasonality and/or depth habitat, is often not in phase with G. ruber (white) and closely resembles Antarctic air temperature records. Overall, it appears that Orca Basin SST records follow Antarctic air temperature early in the deglacial sequence and exhibit enhanced seasonality during Greenland stadials.
Coverage:
Latitude: 26.946200 * Longitude: -91.345700
Date/Time Start: 2002-07-08T16:18:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-07-08T16:18:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 3.080 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 6.500 m
Event(s):
MD02-2550C2 (MD022550C2) * Latitude: 26.946200 * Longitude: -91.345700 * Date/Time: 2002-07-08T16:18:00 * Elevation: -2248.0 m * Recovery: 9.09 m * Location: Orca Basin * Campaign: MD127 (IMAGES IX - PAGE) * Basis: Marion Dufresne * Device: Calypso Square Core System (CASQS)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Laboratory code/labelLab labelWilliams, Carlie
3Age, datedAge datedkaWilliams, CarlieAge, 14C AMS
4Age, dated standard deviationAge dated std dev±Williams, CarlieAge, 14C AMS
5Calendar yearsCal yrska BPWilliams, CarlieAge, 14C calibrated, MARINE09 (Reimer et al., 2009)
6Age, dated, error to olderAge e +ka +Williams, CarlieAge, 14C calibrated, MARINE09 (Reimer et al., 2009)Calendar years
7Age, dated, error to youngerAge e -ka -Williams, CarlieAge, 14C calibrated, MARINE09 (Reimer et al., 2009)Calendar years
Size:
207 data points

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