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Andrews, John T; Vogt, Christoph (2014): Results of bulk sediment X-ray diffraction analysis and quantification of mineral phases based on the RockJock and on the QUAX quantitative analysis. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.830397, Supplement to: Andrews, JT; Vogt, C (2014): Source to sink: Statistical identification of regional variations in the mineralogy of surface sediments in the western Nordic Seas (58°N–75°N; 10°W–40°W). Marine Geology, 357, 151-162, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2014.08.005

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Abstract:
We have performed quantitative X-ray diffraction (qXRD) analysis of 157 grab or core-top samples from the western Nordic Seas between (WNS) ~57°-75°N and 5° to 45° W. The RockJock Vs6 analysis includes non-clay (20) and clay (10) mineral species in the <2 mm size fraction that sum to 100 weight %. The data matrix was reduced to 9 and 6 variables respectively by excluding minerals with low weight% and by grouping into larger groups, such as the alkali and plagioclase feldspars. Because of its potential dual origins calcite was placed outside of the sum. We initially hypothesized that a combination of regional bedrock outcrops and transport associated with drift-ice, meltwater plumes, and bottom currents would result in 6 clusters defined by "similar" mineral compositions. The hypothesis was tested by use of a fuzzy k-mean clustering algorithm and key minerals were identified by step-wise Discriminant Function Analysis. Key minerals in defining the clusters include quartz, pyroxene, muscovite, and amphibole. With 5 clusters, 87.5% of the observations are correctly classified. The geographic distributions of the five k-mean clusters compares reasonably well with the original hypothesis. The close spatial relationship between bedrock geology and discrete cluster membership stresses the importance of this variable at both the WNS-scale and at a more local scale in NE Greenland.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 67.323098 * Median Longitude: -22.447188 * South-bound Latitude: 58.912167 * West-bound Longitude: -40.116000 * North-bound Latitude: 77.480000 * East-bound Longitude: -2.400000
Date/Time Start: 1990-09-03T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-10-11T00:00:00
Size:
2 datasets

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