Meyer-Jacob, Carsten; Vogel, Hendrik; Gebhardt, Catalina; Wennrich, Volker; Melles, Martin; Rosén, Peter (2014): FTIR-inferred biogeochemical properties for the past 3.6 Myr in the sediment record of core ICDP5011-1 in Lake Elgygytgyn, NE Russia. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.829515, Supplement to: Meyer-Jacob, C et al. (2014): Biogeochemical variability during the past 3.6 million years recorded by FTIR spectroscopy in the sediment record of Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic. Climate of the Past, 10(1), 209-220, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-10-209-2014
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A number of studies have shown that Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) can be applied to quantitatively assess lacustrine sediment constituents. In this study, we developed calibration models based on FTIR for the quantitative determination of biogenic silica (BSi; n = 420; gradient: 0.9-56.5%), total organic carbon (TOC; n = 309; gradient: 0-2.9%), and total inorganic carbon (TIC; n= 152; gradient: 0-0.4%) in a 318 m-long sediment record with a basal age of 3.6 million years from Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic. The developed partial least squares (PLS) regression models yield high cross-validated (CV) R2CV = 0.86-0.91 and low root mean square error of cross-validation (RMSECV) (3.1-7.0% of the gradient for the different properties). By applying these models to 6771 samples from the entire sediment record, we obtained detailed insight into bioproductivity variations in Lake El'gygytgyn throughout the middle to late Pliocene and Quaternary. High accumulation rates of BSi indicate a productivity maximum during the middle Pliocene (3.6-3.3 Ma), followed by gradually decreasing rates during the late Pliocene and Quaternary. The average BSi accumulation during the middle Pliocene was ~3 times higher than maximum accumulation rates during the past 1.5 million years. The indicated progressive deterioration of environmental and climatic conditions in the Siberian Arctic starting at ca. 3.3 Ma is consistent with the first occurrence of glacial periods and the finally complete establishment of glacial-interglacial cycles during the Quaternary.
Latitude: 67.499700 * Longitude: 172.103940
Date/Time Start: 2009-04-26T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-04-26T00:00:00
ICDP5011-1 * Latitude: 67.499700 * Longitude: 172.103940 * Date/Time: 2009-04-26T00:00:00 * Lake water depth: 169.5 m * Location: Elgygytgyn crater lake, Sibiria, Russia * Campaign: ICDP_Elgygytgyn-Drilling-Project * Basis: Sampling on land * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE)
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method||Comment|
|2||Opal, biogenic silica||bSiO2||%||Meyer-Jacob, Carsten||Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)|
|3||Carbon, organic, total||TOC||%||Meyer-Jacob, Carsten||Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)|
|4||Carbon, inorganic, total||TIC||%||Meyer-Jacob, Carsten||Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)|
|5||Accumulation rate per year, biogenic silica||Acc rate bSiO2||g/m2/a||Meyer-Jacob, Carsten||Calculated|
|6||Accumulation rate per year, organic carbon||Acc rate TOC||g/m2/a||Meyer-Jacob, Carsten||Calculated|
|7||Accumulation rate per year, inorganic carbon||Acc rate TIC||g/m2/a||Meyer-Jacob, Carsten||Calculated|
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