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Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Degen, Renate; Vedenin, Andrey; Gusky, Manuela; Boetius, Antje; Brey, Thomas (2014): Macrobenthic abundance, biomass, productivity and production in the deep Arctic ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.828348, Supplement to: Degen, R et al. (2015): Patterns and trends of macrobenthic abundance, biomass and production in the deep Arctic Ocean. Polar Research, 34(1), 24008, https://doi.org/10.3402/polar.v34.24008

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Abstract:
The few existing studies on macrobenthic communities of the deep Arctic Ocean report low standing stocks, and confirm a gradient with declining biomass from the slopes down to the basins as commonly reported for deep-sea benthos. In this study we have further investigated the relationship of faunal abundance (N), biomass (B) as well as community production (P) with water depth, geographical latitude and sea ice concentration. The underlying dataset combines legacy data from the past 20 years, as well as recent field studies selected according to standardized quality control procedures. Community P/B and production were estimated using the multi-parameter ANN model developed by Brey (2012). We could confirm the previously described negative relationship of water depth and macrofauna standing stock in the Arctic deep-sea. Furthermore, the sea-ice cover increasing with high latitudes, correlated with decreasing abundances of down to < 200 individuals/m**2, biomasses of < 65 mg C/m**2 and P of < 75 mg C/m**2/y. Stations under influence of the seasonal ice zone (SIZ) showed much higher standing stock and P means between 400 - 1400 mg C/m**2/y; even at depths up to 3700 m. We conclude that particle flux is the key factor structuring benthic communities in the deep Arctic ocean, explaining both the low values in the ice-covered Arctic basins and the high values along the SIZ.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 82.756977 * Median Longitude: 32.972784 * South-bound Latitude: 78.610000 * West-bound Longitude: -14.368700 * North-bound Latitude: 90.000000 * East-bound Longitude: 159.167167
Date/Time Start: 1991-08-06T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2012-09-23T22:30:00
Size:
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