Martin, Sophie; Cohu, Stéphanie; Vignot, Céline; Zimmerman, Guillaume; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre (2007): Seawater carbonate chemistry and physiological response of the Mediterranean crustose coralline alga Lithophyllum cabiochae to elevated pCO2 and temperature. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.823320, Supplement to: Martin, S et al. (2013): One-year experiment on the physiological response of the Mediterranean crustose coralline alga, Lithophyllum cabiochae, to elevated pCO2 and temperature. Ecology and Evolution, 3(3), 676-693, https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.475
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The response of respiration, photosynthesis, and calcification to elevated pCO2 and temperature was investigated in isolation and in combination in the Mediterranean crustose coralline alga Lithophyllum cabiochae. Algae were maintained in aquaria during 1 year at near-ambient conditions of irradiance, at ambient or elevated temperature (+3 °C), and at ambient (ca. 400 µatm) or elevated pCO2 (ca. 700 µatm). Respiration, photosynthesis, and net calcification showed a strong seasonal pattern following the seasonal variations of temperature and irradiance, with higher rates in summer than in winter. Respiration was unaffected by pCO2 but showed a general trend of increase at elevated temperature at all seasons, except in summer under elevated pCO2. Conversely, photosynthesis was strongly affected by pCO2 with a decline under elevated pCO2 in summer, autumn, and winter. In particular, photosynthetic efficiency was reduced under elevated pCO2. Net calcification showed different responses depending on the season. In summer, net calcification increased with rising temperature under ambient pCO2 but decreased with rising temperature under elevated pCO2. Surprisingly, the highest rates in summer were found under elevated pCO2 and ambient temperature. In autumn, winter, and spring, net calcification exhibited a positive or no response at elevated temperature but was unaffected by pCO2. The rate of calcification of L. cabiochae was thus maintained or even enhanced under increased pCO2. However, there is likely a trade-off with other physiological processes. For example, photosynthesis declines in response to increased pCO2 under ambient irradiance. The present study reports only on the physiological response of healthy specimens to ocean warming and acidification, however, these environmental changes may affect the vulnerability of coralline algae to other stresses such as pathogens and necroses that can cause major dissolution, which would have critical consequence for the sustainability of coralligenous habitats and the budgets of carbon and calcium carbonate in coastal Mediterranean ecosystems.
Benthos; Calcification/Dissolution; Coast and continental shelf; Containers and aquaria (20-1000 L or < 1 m**2); Laboratory experiment; Lithophyllum cabiochae; Macroalgae; Mediterranean Sea; North Atlantic; Plantae; Primary production/Photosynthesis; Respiration; Rhodophyta; Single species; Temperate; Temperature; Tropical
Latitude: 43.678830 * Longitude: 7.323170
Date/Time Start: 2006-07-10T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-07-10T00:00:00
Minimum Elevation: -25.0 m * Maximum Elevation: -25.0 m
Villefranche * Latitude: 43.678830 * Longitude: 7.323170 * Date/Time Start: 2006-07-10T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-07-10T00:00:00 * Elevation: -25.0 m * Location: Mediterranean Sea * Method/Device: Experiment (EXP)
In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne and Gattuso, 2011) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2013-11-27.
14036 data points