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Stolz, Katharina; Baumann, Karl-Heinz (2010): North Atlantic (Rockall Plateau) coccolith assemblage data for MIS 5 of ODP Hole 162-980B. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.819718, Supplement to: Stolz, K; Baumann, K-H (2010): Changes in palaeoceanography and palaeoecology during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 in the eastern North Atlantic (ODP Site 980) deduced from calcareous nannoplankton observations. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 292(1-2), 295-305, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.04.002

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Abstract:
Calcareous nannoplankton analyses on late quaternary sediments from the eastern North Atlantic ODP Site 980 (55°29'N, 14°42'W) provide detailed insight into palaeoceanographic and palaeoclimatic changes that occurred throughout the Termination II and the adjacent interglacial of the Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5. This study presents the development of the coccolith assemblage throughout the interglacial MIS 5 towards the beginning of the glacial MIS 4 in the vicinity of the Rockall Plateau and investigates and characterises the impact of climatic and environmental variations on the coccolith assemblage distribution between 135 and 65 ky.
In general, the coccolith assemblage is dominated by Gephyrocapsa muellerae and Emiliania huxleyi, whilst significant changes in palaeoceanographic and palaeoclimatic conditions are mainly shown by variations of subordinate species. A drastic increase in coccolith accumulation rates and a change from a less to a higher diverse species assemblage indicate a rapid increase in surface water temperatures during the onset of MIS 5 from c. 127.5 ky on. Highest coccolith numbers, high numbers of taxa and a large diversity indicate highest coccolithophore primary productivity and peak interglacial conditions during MIS 5.5, which are due to the high influence of relatively warm surface water to this region. Coccolith numbers peak again around 120 ky and decline afterwards but stay above glacial levels. The two cooling events of MIS 5.4 and 5.2 interrupt the generally warm conditions and are indicated by lowered coccolith numbers, a drop of thermophile species and a reduction of the species diversity. Decreasing coccolith numbers and a slightly reduced diversity indicate that environmental conditions deteriorated towards the onset of MIS 4. The analysis of the coccolith assemblage reveals that not only the stadial events MIS 5.4 and 5.2 are characterised by colder conditions, but furthermore confirms the upcoming notion that MIS 5.5 was terminated by a slight short-term cooling of the surface water which occurred around 124 ky.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Latitude: 55.485000 * Longitude: -14.702300
Date/Time Start: 1995-07-11T01:40:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-07-11T13:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 10.970 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 18.400 m
Event(s):
162-980B * Latitude: 55.485000 * Longitude: -14.702300 * Date/Time Start: 1995-07-11T01:40:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-07-11T13:00:00 * Elevation: -2179.0 m * Penetration: 118.2 m * Recovery: 122.48 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg162 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 13 cores; 118.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 103.6 % recovery
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Sample code/labelSample labelStolz, Katharina
3CoccolithsCocco106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)total number of coccoliths
4Accumulation rate, coccolithsAcc rate cocco106 #/cm2/kaStolz, KatharinaCalculatedtotal coccolith mass accumulation rate
5Shannon Diversity IndexH'Stolz, KatharinaCalculated with PAST 3.189 (Hammer et al. 2001)
6Number of taxaTaxa#Stolz, Katharinacoccolith taxa
7Gephyrocapsa muelleraeG. muellerae106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)
8Emiliania huxleyiE. huxleyi106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)
9Calcidiscus leptoporusC. leptoporus106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)
10Coccolithus spp.Coccolithus spp.106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)
11Syracosphaera spp.Syracosphaera spp.106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)
12Helicosphaera carteriH. carteri106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)
13Gephyrocapsa ericsoniiG. ericsonii106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)
14Coccolithophoridae, otherCoccolith o106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)including indeterminata
15Nannofossils, reworked fossilNannos rew fossil106 #/gStolz, KatharinaScanning electron microscope (Zeiss DSM 940A)
16Calcidiscus spp.Calcidiscus spp.%Stolz, Katharina+ Coccolithus spp.
17Emiliania huxleyiE. huxleyi%Stolz, Katharina
18Gephyrocapsa muelleraeG. muellerae%Stolz, Katharina
19Coccolithophoridae, otherCoccolith o%Stolz, Katharina
Size:
1872 data points

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