Gieskes, Joris M; Elderfield, Henry; Lawrence, James R; Johnson, Jeff; Meyers, Barbara; Campbell, Andrew (1982): Chemistry of interstitial waters and sediments at DSDP Leg 64 Holes. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.818548, Supplement to: Gieskes, JM et al. (1982): Geochemistry of interstitial waters and sediments, Leg 64, Gulf of California. In: Curray, JR; Moore, DG; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 64, 675-694, https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.64.116.1982
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Studies of interstitial waters obtained from DSDP Leg 64 drill sites in the Gulf of California have revealed information both on early diagenetic processes in the sediments resulting from the breakdown of organic matter and on hydrothermal interactions between sediments and hot doleritic sill intrusions into the sediments.
In all the sites drilled sulfate reduction occurred as a result of rapid sediment accumulation rates and of relatively high organic carbon contents; in most sites methane production occurred after sulfate depletion. Associated with this methane production are high values of alkalinity and high concentrations of dissolved ammonia, which causes ion exchange processes with the solid phases leading to intermediate maxima in Mg++, K+, Rb+, and Sr++(?). Though this phenomenon is common in Leg 64 drill sites, these concentration reversals had been noticed previously only in Site 262 (Timor Trough) and Site 440 (Japan Trench).
Penetrating, hot dolerite sills have led to substantial hydrothermal alteration in sediments at sites drilled in the Guaymas Basin. Site 477 is an active hydrothermal system in which the pore-water chemistry typically shows depletions in sulfate and magnesium and large increases in lithium, potassium, rubidium, calcium, strontium, and chloride. Strontium isotope data also indicate large contributions of volcanic matter and basalt to the pore-water strontium concentrations. At Sites 478 and 481 dolerite sill intrusions have cooled to ambient temperatures but interstitial water concentrations of Li+, Rb+, Sr++ , and Cl- show the gradual decay of a hydrothermal signal that must have been similar to the interstitial water chemistry at Site 477 at the time of sill intrusion. Studies of oxygen isotopes of the interstitial waters at Site 481 indicate positive values of d18O (SMOW) as a result of high-temperature alteration reactions occurring in the sills and the surrounding sediments.
A minimum in dissolved chloride at about 100-125 meters sub-bottom at Sites 478, 481, and particularly Site 479 records a possible paleosalinity signal, associated with an event that substantially lowered salinities in the inner parts of the Gulf of California during Quaternary time.
Median Latitude: 25.736992 * Median Longitude: -110.566475 * South-bound Latitude: 22.959300 * West-bound Longitude: -111.655700 * North-bound Latitude: 27.901700 * East-bound Longitude: -108.978000
Date/Time Start: 1978-12-02T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1979-01-03T00:00:00
64-474 * Latitude: 22.962000 * Longitude: -108.980700 * Date/Time: 1978-12-02T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3023.0 m * Penetration: 182.5 m * Recovery: 77.2 m * Location: North Pacific/Gulf of California/BASIN * Campaign: Leg64 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 19 cores; 173 m cored; 9.5 m drilled; 44.6 % recovery
64-474A * Latitude: 22.959300 * Longitude: -108.978000 * Date/Time: 1978-12-02T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3022.0 m * Penetration: 626 m * Recovery: 290.1 m * Location: North Pacific/Gulf of California/BASIN * Campaign: Leg64 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 49 cores; 453 m cored; 9.5 m drilled; 64 % recovery
64-475 * Latitude: 23.050500 * Longitude: -109.053200 * Date/Time: 1978-12-10T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2631.0 m * Penetration: 196 m * Recovery: 127.8 m * Location: North Pacific/Gulf of California/SLOPE * Campaign: Leg64 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 21 cores; 196 m cored; 0 m drilled; 65.2 % recovery