Passchier, Sandra; Bohaty, Steven M; Jiménez-Espejo, Francisco J; Pross, Jörg; Röhl, Ursula; van de Flierdt, Tina; Escutia Dotti, Carlota; Brinkhuis, Henk (2013): Age tie points and geochemistry of sediment cores from the Antarctic continental margin. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816896, Supplement to: Passchier, S et al. (2013): Early Eocene to middle Miocene cooling and aridification of East Antarctica. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14, https://doi.org/10.1002/ggge.20106
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Few high-latitude terrestrial records document the timing and nature of the Cenozoic "Greenhouse" to "Icehouse" transition. Here we exploit the bulk geochemistry of marine siliciclastic sediments from drill cores on Antarctica's continental margin to extract a unique semiquantitative temperature and precipitation record for Eocene to mid-Miocene (~54-13 Ma). Alkaline elements are strongly enriched in the detrital mineral fraction in fine-grained siliciclastic marine sediments and only occur as trace metals in the biogenic fraction. Hence, terrestrial climofunctions similar to the chemical index of alteration (CIA) can be applied to the alkaline major element geochemistry of marine sediments on continental margins in order to reconstruct changes in precipitation and temperature. We validate this approach by comparison with published paleotemperature and precipitation records derived from fossil wood, leaves, and pollen and find remarkable agreement, despite uncertainties in the calibrations of the different proxies. A long-term cooling on the order of >=8°C is observed between the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum (~54-52 Ma) and the middle Miocene (~15-13 Ma) with the onset of transient cooling episodes in the middle Eocene at ~46-45 Ma. High-latitude stratigraphic records currently exhibit insufficient temporal resolution to reconstruct continental aridity and inferred ice-sheet development during the middle to late Eocene (~45-37 Ma). However, we find an abrupt aridification of East Antarctica near the Eocene-Oligocene transition (~34 Ma), which suggests that ice coverage influenced high-latitude atmospheric circulation patterns through albedo effects from the earliest Oligocene onward.
Median Latitude: -73.101220 * Median Longitude: 138.572807 * South-bound Latitude: -77.930000 * West-bound Longitude: 74.786930 * North-bound Latitude: -63.310230 * East-bound Longitude: 166.540000
Date/Time Start: 1986-10-15T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2000-02-21T16:00:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Passchier, S; Bohaty, SM; Jiménez-Espejo, FJ et al. (2013): (Table A2) Age tie points for ODP Hole 188-1166A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816837
- Passchier, S; Bohaty, SM; Jiménez-Espejo, FJ et al. (2013): (Table A3) Age tie points for Cape Roberts Project (CRP) drillholes, sediment cores CPR-1, CPR-2, and CPR-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816838
- Passchier, S; Bohaty, SM; Jiménez-Espejo, FJ et al. (2013): (Table A4) Age tie points for CIROS-1 drillhole. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816849
- Passchier, S; Bohaty, SM; Jiménez-Espejo, FJ et al. (2013): (Table S1) Geochemistry of Cape Roberts Project sediment cores CRP-1, CRP-2, and CRP-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816863
- Passchier, S; Bohaty, SM; Jiménez-Espejo, FJ et al. (2013): (Table S2) Geochemistry of IODP Hole 318-U1356A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816867
- Passchier, S; Bohaty, SM; Jiménez-Espejo, FJ et al. (2013): (Table S3) Geochemistry of ODP Hole 188-1166A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816869
- Passchier, S; Bohaty, SM; Jiménez-Espejo, FJ et al. (2013): (Table S4) Geochemistry of McMurdo Erratic D1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816878
- Passchier, S; Bohaty, SM; Jiménez-Espejo, FJ et al. (2013): (Table S5) Geochemistry of sediment core CIROS-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816880