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Barrett, T J; Friedrichsen, Hans; Fleet, A J (1983): Elemental and stable isotopic composition of some metalliferous and pelagic sediments at DSDP Leg 70 Holes. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.816063, Supplement to: Barrett, TJ et al. (1983): Elemental and stable isotopic composition of some metalliferous and pelagic sediments from the Galapagos Mounds area, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 70. In: Honnorez, J; Von Herzen, RP; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 70, 315-323, https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.70.116.1983

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Abstract:
Nontronite, the main metalliferous phase of the Galapagos mounds, occurs at subsurface depths of about 2 to 20 meters; Mn-oxide material is limited to the upper 2 meters of the mounds. The nontronite forms intervals of up to a few meters' thickness, consisting essentially of 100% nontronite granules, which alternate with intervals of normal pelagic sediment.
Electron microprobe analyses of nontronite granules from different core samples indicate that: (1) there is little difference in major element composition between nontronites from varying locations within the mounds, with adjacent granules from a given sample having very similar compositions; (2) individual granules show little internal variation in composition. This indicates that the granules are composed of a single mineral of essentially constant composition, consistent with relatively uniform conditions of Eh and composition during nontronite formation. Mn-oxide crusts have very low Fe contents, a feature characteristic of rapidly deposited Mn-oxide crusts formed under hydrothermal influences.
The rare-earth element (REE) abundances of the nontronites are generally extremely low, totalling less than several ppm. Two samples have the negatively Ce anomaly typical of authigenic precipitates formed relatively rapidly from seawater. A Mn-oxide crust sample has low REE contents, typical of Mn-oxide crusts formed under hydrothermal influences, but no negative Ce anomaly. A sample of unusual Mn-Fe-oxide mud has relatively high REE concentrations and a seawater-type pattern; both of these features are also found for metalliferous sediments from the East Pacific Rise.
The oxygen and hydrogen isotopic composition of the nontronites define a restricted field within a d18O-dD plot. In manganiferous sediments, d18O and dD appear to decrease with increase in the Mn-oxide content of the sediment. From the d18O values of the nontronites, formation temperatures in the range of about 20-30°C have been estimated. By comparison, temperatures of up to 11.5 °C at a 9-meter depth have been directly measured within the mounds (Corliss et al., 1979), and heat-flow data suggest present basement/sediment interface temperatures of 15-25°C. In a plot of Fe + Mn vs. d18O, the Mn-oxide crust and Mn-Fe-ooze plot near the tie-lines for authigenic Mn nodules and silicate phases, implying that they have formed in isotopic equilibrium with seawater at or close to bottom-water temperatures.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 0.579996 * Median Longitude: -86.107625 * South-bound Latitude: 0.566700 * West-bound Longitude: -86.132200 * North-bound Latitude: 0.610200 * East-bound Longitude: -86.090000
Date/Time Start: 1979-11-15T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1979-11-27T00:00:00
Event(s):
70-506 * Latitude: 0.609800 * Longitude: -86.099800 * Date/Time: 1979-11-15T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2710.0 m * Penetration: 36.7 m * Recovery: 22.7 m * Location: North Pacific/MOUND * Campaign: Leg70 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 7 cores; 27.9 m cored; 8.8 m drilled; 81.5 % recovery
70-506B * Latitude: 0.610200 * Longitude: -86.091300 * Date/Time: 1979-11-15T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2711.0 m * Penetration: 20.7 m * Recovery: 20.2 m * Location: North Pacific/MOUND * Campaign: Leg70 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 6 cores; 20.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 97.6 % recovery
70-506C * Latitude: 0.607700 * Longitude: -86.091300 * Date/Time: 1979-11-15T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2710.0 m * Penetration: 31.3 m * Recovery: 29.7 m * Location: North Pacific/MOUND * Campaign: Leg70 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 8 cores; 31.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 95 % recovery
Size:
6 datasets

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