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Emelyanov, Emelyan M; Trimonis, Egidius S (1983): (Appendix) Chemical composition of bottom sediments at DSDP Leg 72 Holes. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.811391, Supplement to: Emelyanov, EM; Trimonis, ES (1983): Geochemical investigation of sediments from the Brazil Basin and the Rio Grande Rise. In: Barker, PF; Carlson, RL; Johnson, DA; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 72, 421-442, https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.72.112.1983

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Abstract:
The distributions of calcium carbonate, of amorphous silica, and of 21 chemical compounds and elements in sediments of Holes 515A, 515B, 516, 516F, 517, and 518 are highly nonuniform; they change depending on the sediment types, grain size, and mineral composition.
The main source of the lithogenous elements (K, Li, Rb, Fe, Ti, Zr, Ni, Cr, Sn) is terrigenous matter of South America. These elements correlate well or at least satisfactorily with each other and with the sum of clay minerals. CaCO3, amorphous SiO2 and organic C form a second group, the main source of which is biota of the ocean. Zn, Cu, Ba, Mo, (V, Na) are a third group, which is supplied by both terrigenous and biogenic matter.
Judging by the distribution of chemical elements and components in sediments of Site 515, this area of the Brazil Basin is characterized by the rather constant conditions of pelagic terrigenous sedimentation from upper Eocene till Holocene. Small changes in chemical composition of sediments throughout the section are linked mainly to the evolution of subaerial source provinces, changes in hydrodynamic regime, and fluctuations of the ocean level.
The chemical composition of sediments from the Rio Grande Rise sites suggests the existence of three main stages of sedimentation in this area. The first stage is the initial period of sediment accumulation on basalts at the beginning of the Late Cretaceous. Then followed sedimentary conditions notable for their sharp changes in chemical composition and type. Beginning in the middle Eocene and persisting into the Holocene, stable conditions of sedimentation characterize a third stage, represented by the formation of approximately 700 m of nannofossil oozes of rather monotonous chemical composition.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -28.991750 * Median Longitude: -36.625450 * South-bound Latitude: -30.946800 * West-bound Longitude: -38.135300 * North-bound Latitude: -26.238500 * East-bound Longitude: -35.285000
Date/Time Start: 1980-03-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1980-04-02T00:00:00
Minimum Elevation: -4252.0 m * Maximum Elevation: -1313.0 m
Event(s):
72-515A * Latitude: -26.238500 * Longitude: -36.502800 * Date/Time: 1980-03-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4252.0 m * Penetration: 107.9 m * Recovery: 95.7 m * Location: South Atlantic/BASIN * Campaign: Leg72 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 25 cores; 99.5 m cored; 8.4 m drilled; 96.2 % recovery
72-515B * Latitude: -26.238700 * Longitude: -36.503200 * Date/Time: 1980-03-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4252.0 m * Penetration: 636.4 m * Recovery: 428.6 m * Location: South Atlantic/BASIN * Campaign: Leg72 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 57 cores; 541.4 m cored; 94.9 m drilled; 79.2 % recovery
72-516 * Latitude: -30.276300 * Longitude: -35.285200 * Date/Time: 1980-03-11T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1313.0 m * Penetration: 183.3 m * Recovery: 148.1 m * Location: South Atlantic/CONT RISE * Campaign: Leg72 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 40 cores; 166.1 m cored; 17.2 m drilled; 89.2 % recovery
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEvent
2Latitude of eventLatitude
3Longitude of eventLongitude
4Elevation of eventElevationm
5Sample code/labelSample labelEmelyanov, Emelyan MODP sample designation
6Calcium carbonateCaCO3%Emelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
7Carbon, organic, totalTOC%Emelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
8Silicon dioxideSiO2%Emelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)Amorphous
9TitaniumTi%Emelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
10PhosphorusP%Emelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
11IronFe%Emelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
12ManganeseMn%Emelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
13SodiumNa%Emelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
14PotassiumK%Emelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
15CopperCumg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
16ZincZnmg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
17NickelNimg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
18ChromiumCrmg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
19LithiumLimg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
20RubidiumRbmg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
21BariumBamg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
22ZirconiumZrmg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
23VanadiumVmg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
24MolybdenumMomg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
25TinSnmg/kgEmelyanov, Emelyan Msee reference(s)
Size:
3399 data points

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