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Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Petersen, Jillian M; Zielinski, Frank U; Pape, Thomas; Seifert, Richard; Moraru, Cristina; Amann, Rudolf; Hourdez, Stéphane; Girguis, Peter R; Wankel, Scott D; Barbe, Valerie; Pelletier, Eric; Fink, Dennis; Borowski, Christian; Bach, Wolfgang; Dubilier, Nicole (2013): Hydrogen consumption in vent files of the equatorial Atlantic. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.810465, Supplement to: Petersen, JM et al. (2011): Hydrogen is an energy source for hydrothermal vent symbioses. Nature, 476, 176-180, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10325

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Abstract:
The discovery of deep-sea hydrothermal vents in 1977 revolutionized our understanding of the energy sources that fuel primary productivity on Earth. Hydrothermal vent ecosystems are dominated by animals that live in symbiosis with chemosynthetic bacteria. So far, only two energy sources have been shown to power chemosynthetic symbioses: reduced sulphur compounds and methane. Using metagenome sequencing, single-gene fluorescence in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry, shipboard incubations and in situ mass spectrometry, we show here that the symbionts of the hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge use hydrogen to power primary production. In addition, we show that the symbionts of Bathymodiolus mussels from Pacific vents have hupL, the key gene for hydrogen oxidation. Furthermore, the symbionts of other vent animals such as the tubeworm Riftia pachyptila and the shrimp Rimicaris exoculata also have hupL. We propose that the ability to use hydrogen as an energy source is widespread in hydrothermal vent symbioses, particularly at sites where hydrogen is abundant.
Related to:
Koschinsky, Andrea; Billings, Andrew; Devey, Colin W; Dubilier, Nicole; Duester, Alan; Edge, David; Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter; German, Christopher R; Giere, Olav; Keir, Robin; Lackschewitz, Klas Sven; Mai, Anh Hoang; Marbler, Herwig; Mawick, Jule; Melchert, Bernd; Mertens, Christian; Ochsenhirt, Wolf-Thilo; Peters, Marc; Sander, Sylvia; Schmale, Oliver; Schmidt, Werner; Seifert, Richard; Seiter, Christian; Stöber, Uwe; Suck, Inken; Walter, Maren; Weber, Stefan; Yoerger, Dana; Zarrouk, Marcel; Zielinski, Frank (2006): Mid-Atlantic Expedition 2006, Cruise No. 68, Leg 1, Fluid geochemistry, biology and geological setting of hydrothermal systems at the southern MAR (4°S - 10°S) (MAR-SÜD III), 27 April - 2 June 2006, Bridgetown (Barbados) - Recife (Brazil). METEOR-Berichte, Leitstelle Meteor, Institut für Meereskunde der Universität Hamburg, 06, 189 pp, https://doi.org/10.2312/cr_m68-1
Koschinsky, Andrea; Billings, Andrew; Devey, Colin W; Dubilier, Nicole; Duester, Alan; Edge, David; Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter; German, Christopher R; Giere, Olav; Keir, Robin; Lackschewitz, Klas Sven; Mai, Anh Hoang; Marbler, Herwig; Mawick, Jule; Melchert, Bernd; Mertens, Christian; Peters, Michael; Sander, Sylvia; Schmale, Oliver; Schmidt, Werner; Seifert, Richard; Seiter, Christian; Stöber, Uwe; Suck, Inken; Walter, Maren; Weber, Stefan; Yoerger, Dana; Zarrouk, Marcel; Zielinski, Frank (2006): Discovery of new hydrothermal vent fields on the Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (4°S - 10°S) during Cruise M68/1. InterRidge News, 15, 9-15, hdl:10013/epic.41214.d001
Lackschewitz, Klas Sven; Armini, M; Augustin, Nico; Dubilier, Nicole; Edge, David; Engemann, Greg; Fabian, M; Felden, Janine; Franke, Philipp; Gärtner, Andrea; Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter; Gennerich, Hans-Hermann; Hüttig, D; Marbler, Herwig; Meyerdierks, Anke; Pape, Thomas; Perner, Kerstin; Reuter, Markus; Ruhland, Götz; Schmidt, K; Schott, Thorsten; Schröder, Michael; Schroll, G; Seiter, Christian; Stecher, Jens; Strauss, Harald; Viehweger, Marc; Weber, Stefan; Wenzhöfer, Frank; Zielinski, Frank (2005): Mid-Atlantic Expedition 2005, Cruise No. 64, Leg 2, Longterm study of hydrothermalism and biology at the Logatchev field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 14°45' N (revisit 2005, HYDROMAR II), 6 May - 6 June 2005, Fortaleza (Brazil) - Dakar (Senegal). METEOR-Berichte, Leitstelle Meteor, Institut für Meereskunde der Universität Hamburg, 05, 171 pp, hdl:10013/epic.32337.d001
Zielinski, Frank (2009): Geobiological coupling of hydrothermal vent fluids with endosymbiotic primary producers of bathymodiolus mussels from hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. PhD Thesis, University of Bremen, Germany, 159 pp, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-diss000115375
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 3.787955 * Median Longitude: -28.885748 * South-bound Latitude: -9.553380 * West-bound Longitude: -44.980200 * North-bound Latitude: 14.753500 * East-bound Longitude: -12.371500
Date/Time Start: 2005-05-17T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2006-05-27T13:45:00
Event(s):
M64/2-244-ROV * Latitude: 14.753000 * Longitude: -44.978800 * Date/Time: 2005-05-17T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3032.0 m * Location: Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 10-15°N * Campaign: M64/2 (HYDROMAR2) * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Remote operated vehicle (ROV) * Comment: IRINA II; OBT and OBP positioned, biological sampling
M64/2-263-ROV * Latitude: 14.753300 * Longitude: -44.979300 * Date/Time: 2005-05-22T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3045.0 m * Location: Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 10-15°N * Campaign: M64/2 (HYDROMAR2) * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Remote operated vehicle (ROV) * Comment: IRINA II, QUEST; Biological sampling, OBT re-positioning
M64/2-266-ROV * Latitude Start: 14.753000 * Longitude Start: -44.979000 * Latitude End: 14.751700 * Longitude End: -44.977800 * Date/Time: 2005-05-23T00:00:00 * Elevation Start: -3034.0 m * Elevation End: -3003.0 m * Location: Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 10-15°N * Campaign: M64/2 (HYDROMAR2) * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Remote operated vehicle (ROV) * Comment: IRINA II and Site B; Profiler and biological sampling, Fluid sampling
Size:
2 datasets

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