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Borella, Peter E (1984): (Table 1) Ooze/chalk cycles: frequency of occurrence at DSDP Leg 74 Sites. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Borella, PE (1984): Sedimentology, petrology, and cyclic sedimentation patterns, Walvis Ridge Transect, Leg 74, Deep Sea Drilling Project. In: Moore, TC Jr; Rabinowitz, PD; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 74, 645-662,

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Shallow- to deep-water environments are represented by the sediments and rocks recovered from the Walvis Ridge- Angola Basin transect. These calcareous oozes, chalks, limestones, and volcaniclastic sedimentary rocks are used to define and correlate four lithostratigraphic units. The sediments were deposited in cycles which represent recurring tectonic or Oceanographic events and may be related to climatic fluctuations and orbital perturbations.
Turbidites are the most common and easily identified sedimentary cycle. They are Late Cretaceous to Paleocene in age and are repeated in intervals ranging from thousands to tens of thousands of years. They are also found interbedded between basalt layers. Turbidites are easily distinguished from the other cycles present by their sedimentary structures, mineral composition, alteration products, and physical properties (GRAPE) data. Large-scale turbidites, debris, or slump breccias are found at or just above the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary and indicate an event of considerable energy possibly related to intense tectonic activity.
Diagenetic cycles, interpreted as small-scale dissolution cycles or sequences produced by biogenic activity, occur in early Paleocene chalks. The recurrence intervals average -20,000 y. but have a wide range of values. Variations in CaCO3 content, color, gradational boundaries, and trace fossil content characterize these sediments. These cycles reflect bottom-water conditions.
Ooze-chalk cycles occur in upper Oligocene to upper Paleocene sediments and represent conditions that once existed at the sediment/water interface where they obtained their diagenetic potential. These oscillations are repeated over tens of thousands of years and may have no modern analogs.
Color variations in sediments at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary indicate local fluctuations in oxygen content within the sediments or the water column. This situation lasted for several hundred thousand years and is not repeated elsewhere in the sequence.
Large dissolution cycles are recorded in the sediments at Site 527 that are of middle Miocene and early Oligocene to middle Eocene age. During this time the seafloor at this site appears to have been located at or subsided to a depth occupied by a fluctuating CCD and lysocline.
Median Latitude: -28.498017 * Median Longitude: 2.283800 * South-bound Latitude: -28.930500 * West-bound Longitude: 1.763300 * North-bound Latitude: -28.041500 * East-bound Longitude: 2.768000
Date/Time Start: 1980-06-28T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1980-07-18T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 116.0 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 402.5 m
74-527_Site * Latitude: -28.041500 * Longitude: 1.763300 * Date/Time: 1980-06-28T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4428.0 m * Penetration: 3.845 m * Recovery: 2.434 m * Location: South Atlantic * Campaign: Leg74 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 43 cores; 380 m cored; 4.5 m drilled; 64.1% recovery
74-528_Site * Latitude: -28.522050 * Longitude: 2.320100 * Date/Time: 1980-07-04T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3807.5 m * Penetration: 6.855 m * Recovery: 3.838 m * Location: South Atlantic/RIDGE * Campaign: Leg74 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 76 cores; 567.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 67.7% recovery
74-529_Site * Latitude: -28.930500 * Longitude: 2.768000 * Date/Time: 1980-07-18T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3043.0 m * Penetration: 4.17 m * Recovery: 3.094 m * Location: South Atlantic/SLOPE * Campaign: Leg74 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 42 cores; 398 m cored; 19 m drilled; 77.7% recovery
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEvent
2Latitude of eventLatitude
3Longitude of eventLongitude
4Elevation of eventElevationm
5Depth, top/minDepth topmBorella, Peter E
6Depth, bottom/maxDepth botmBorella, Peter E
7DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode – mbsf
8Sedimentation rateSed ratecm/kaBorella, Peter E# = 0.16 cm/10**3 y. is very low because of a large dissolution event. This interval also contains a large biologic hiatus, so that 0.58 cm/10**3 y. is probably more correct. (see, for explanation, section in the text on dissolution cycles)
9RangeRangeBorella, Peter EIn cycle thickness, in cm
10FrequencyFrequ1/kaBorella, Peter EOf occurrence
90 data points

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