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Blanchot, Jean; Rodier, Martine (1996): Phytoplankton abundance during L'Atalante cruise EBENE. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.807552, Supplement to: Blanchot, J; Rodier, M (1996): Picophytoplankton abundance and biomass in the western tropical Pacific Ocean during the 1992 El Niño year: results from flow cytometry. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 43(6), 877-895, https://doi.org/10.1016/0967-0637(96)00026-X

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Abstract:
Natural populations of phytoplankton from the western tropical Pacific Ocean were analyzed by flow cytometry from a transect along 165°E between 20°S and 7°N. The abnormal hydrological situation corresponded to a weak El Niño event, with no equatorial upwelling and a marked nutrient ridge centered on 10°S. Prochlorophytes dominated numerically everywhere along the vertical, whatever the depth, in the 0-160-m layer (96% of cell abundance). Paradoxically, the highest concentrations, up to 4.4 x 10**5 cells/ml, were found in oligotrophic waters (< 0.1 µM NO3). In contrast, the highest concentrations of orange cyanobacteria and redfluorescing picoeukaryotes were observed when nitrate was present in the photic layer, i.e. around 10°S (up to 6.4 x 10**4 cells/ml and 1.3 x 10**4 cells/ml), and, to a lesser extent in the vicinity of the deep nitracline north of 8°S. Along the transect we encountered two hydrological situations, characterized by different community structures. The first one, found from 15°S to 7°N, except at 10°S, was a two-layer structure (Typical Tropical Structure, TTS) defined by a strong pycnocline in the upper 180 m and a well-marked nitracline. In this region, Prochlorococcus and picoeukaryotes co-dominated the 180-m integrated fluorescence and carbon biomass, but Prochlorococcus were the major component in the upper nitrate-depleted layer, while picoeukaryotes dominated the underlying rich layer. Inversely, Synechococcus were a relatively minor contributor to fluorescence (~4%) and phytoplankton biomass (< 1%) in comparison to the other cell types. The second structure observed in the southernmost part of the transect (20°S-16°S) was defined by the absence of a density gradient, and therefore by deep vertical mixing. In this case, the concentration of Prochlorococcus in the upper nitrate-depleted layer was reduced, whereas Synechococcus percentage contribution in the upper 180 m was significantly higher than in the TTS ( > 30% of total fluorescence and ~4% of carbon biomass). According to our results, we discuss the expected role of each phytoplankton group in the regenerated and new production. Finally, we discuss the importance of cell size as a factor in the expected roles of the different phytoplankton groups in the carbon sink.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -1.467241 * Median Longitude: -179.910460 * South-bound Latitude: -7.983333 * West-bound Longitude: 179.850000 * North-bound Latitude: 6.000000 * East-bound Longitude: -179.800000
Date/Time Start: 1996-10-26T10:44:00 * Date/Time End: 1996-11-11T07:54:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 202 m
Event(s):
EBENE_001 * Latitude: -7.983333 * Longitude: -179.850000 * Date/Time: 1996-10-26T10:44:00 * Location: Equatorial Pacific * Campaign: EBENE * Basis: L Atalante * Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
EBENE_002 * Latitude: -6.983333 * Longitude: -179.833333 * Date/Time: 1996-10-26T20:52:00 * Location: Equatorial Pacific * Campaign: EBENE * Basis: L Atalante * Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
EBENE_003 * Latitude: -5.983333 * Longitude: -179.850000 * Date/Time: 1996-10-27T05:43:00 * Location: Equatorial Pacific * Campaign: EBENE * Basis: L Atalante * Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEvent
2Date/Time of eventDate/Time
3Latitude of eventLatitude
4Longitude of eventLongitude
5DEPTH, waterDepth watermGeocode
6CyanobacteriaCyanobact#/mlBlanchot, JeanCounting by flow cytometer
7MicroalgaeMicroalgae#/mlBlanchot, JeanCounting by flow cytometer
8ProchlorophytesProchlorophytes#/mlBlanchot, JeanCounting by flow cytometer
Size:
4613 data points

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