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Bloomer, Sherman H (1985): Petrology and relict mineralogy of serpentinites at DSDP Leg 84 Holes. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Bloomer, SH (1985): Petrology and relict mineralogy of serpentinites from Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 84. In: von Heune, R; Aubouin, J; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 84, 643-653,

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Eleven serpentine samples from DSDP Leg 84 and four serpentinized ultramafic samples from Costa Rica and Guatemala were described and their relict mineral compositions measured by electron microprobe to try to determine the origin of the Leg 84 serpentinites and their relationship to the ultramafic rocks of the onshore ophiolites. The Leg 84 samples comprise more than 90% secondary minerals, principally serpentine, with hematitic and opaque oxides, and minor talc and smectites. Four distinct textural types can be identified according to the distribution of opaque phases and smectite. Remnants of spinel, olivine, orthopyroxene, and clinopyroxene occur variously in the samples; spinal occurs in all the samples. Textural evidence suggests that the serpentinites were originally clinopyroxene-bearing harzburgites. Relict mineral compositions are refractory and relatively uniform: olivine, Fo90.6-90.9; orthopyroxene, En90-91; clinopyroxene, Wo47 En50 Fs3; spinels, Cr/Cr + Al = 0.4-0.6. 567A-29-2, 30-35 cm has slightly more magnesian olivines (Fo92) and orthopyroxene, and more aluminous spinels (Cr/Cr + Al = 0.3). These compositions are similar to those inferred for refractory upper-mantle materials and also fall within the range of compositions for relict minerals in abyssal peridotites. They could be of oceanic origin. The onshore samples include serpentinites, a clinopyroxene-bearing harzburgite, and a clinopyroxenite. They too have magnesium-rich silicate assemblages, but relative to the drilled samples have more iron-rich olivines (Fogo) and more aluminous and sodic pyroxenes; spinels which are clearly relicts are very aluminum-rich (Cr/Cr + Al = 0.1-0.25). These samples are most likely mantle materials, but significantly less depleted. Their relationship to the drilled samples is unclear. Serpentinites were the most common basement materials recovered during Leg 84, and there appears to be a bimodal assemblage (basalt/diabase and serpentine) of igneous rocks sampled from the trench slope. Diapirism of serpentine throughout the trench slope and forearc is suggested as an explanation for this distribution of samples.
Median Latitude: 12.973764 * Median Longitude: -91.042321 * South-bound Latitude: 12.716500 * West-bound Longitude: -91.392800 * North-bound Latitude: 13.285300 * East-bound Longitude: -90.692200
Date/Time Start: 1982-01-24T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1982-02-17T00:00:00
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