Mollier-Vogel, Elfi; Ryabenko, Evgenia; Martinez, Philippe; Wallace, Douglas WR; Altabet, Mark A; Schneider, Ralph R (2012): Nitrogen isotope gradients off Peru and Ecuador related to upwelling, productivity, nutrient uptake and oxygen deficiency. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.801890, Supplement to: Mollier-Vogel, E et al. (2012): Nitrogen isotope gradients off Peru and Ecuador related to upwelling, productivity, nutrient uptake and oxygen deficiency. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 70, 14-25, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2012.06.003
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We present new nitrogen isotope data from the water column and surface sediments for paleo-proxy validation collected along the Peruvian and Ecuadorian margins between 1°N and 18°S. Productivity proxies in the bulk sediment (organic carbon, total nitrogen, biogenic opal, C37 alkenone concentrations) and 15N/14N ratios were measured at more than 80 locations within and outside the present-day Peruvian oxygen minimum zone (OMZ). Microbial N-loss to N2 in subsurface waters under O2 deficient conditions leaves a characteristic 15N-enriched signal in underlying sediments. We find that phytoplankton nutrient uptake in surface waters within the high nutrient, low chlorophyll (HNLC) regions of the Peruvian upwelling system influences the sedimentary signal as well. How the d15Nsed signal is linked to these processes is studied by comparing core-top values to the 15N/14N of nitrate and nitrite (d15N[NOx]) in the upper 200 m of the water column. Between 1°N and 10°S, subsurface O2 is still high enough to suppress N-loss keeping d15NNOx values relatively low in the subsurface waters. However d15N[NOx] values increase toward the surface due to partial nitrate utilization in the photic zone in this HNLC portion of the system. d15N[sed] is consistently lower than the isotopic signature of upwelled [NO3]-, likely due to the corresponding production of 15N depleted organic matter. Between 10°S and 15°S, the current position of perennial upwelling cells, HNLC conditions are relaxed and biological production and near-surface phytoplankton uptake of upwelled [NO3]- are most intense. In addition, subsurface O2 concentration decreases to levels sufficient for N-loss by denitrification and/or anammox, resulting in elevated subsurface d15N[NOx] values in the source waters for coastal upwelling. Increasingly higher production southward is reflected by various productivity proxies in the sediments, while the north-south gradient towards stronger surface [NO3]- utilization and subsurface N-loss is reflected in the surface sediment 15N/14N ratios. South of 10°S, d15N[sed] is lower than maximum water column d15N[NOx] values most likely because only a portion of the upwelled water originates from the depths where highest d15N[NOx] values prevail. Though the enrichment of d15N[NOx] in the subsurface waters is unambiguously reflected in d15N[sed] values, the magnitude of d15N[sed] enrichment depends on both the depth of upwelled waters and high subsurface d15N[NOx] values produce by N-loss. Overall, the degree of N-loss influencing subsurface d15N[NOx] values, the depth origin of upwelled waters, and the degree of near-surface nitrate utilization under HNLC conditions should be considered for the interpretation of paleo d15N[sed] records from the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone.
Median Latitude: -9.857170 * Median Longitude: -76.774699 * South-bound Latitude: -18.920000 * West-bound Longitude: -82.624500 * North-bound Latitude: 0.216667 * East-bound Longitude: -70.570000
Date/Time Start: 1977-06-09T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-02-07T13:44:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Mollier-Vogel, E; Ryabenko, E; Martinez, P et al. (2012): Nitrogen and carbon concentrations and isotopic ratios off Peru and Ecuador surface sediments. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.801886
- Mollier-Vogel, E; Ryabenko, E; Martinez, P et al. (2012): Nitrogen isotopes and hydrochemistry off Peru and Ecuador. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.801925
- Mollier-Vogel, E; Ryabenko, E; Martinez, P et al. (2012): Weight average concentrations of nitrogen isotope ratios off Peru and Ecuador. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.801889